For members


365 Ticket: Everything you need to know about Vienna’s cheap annual metro pass

A yearly ticket on Vienna’s public transport costs one euro per day. Here’s what you need to know.

365 Ticket: Everything you need to know about Vienna's cheap annual metro pass
A ticket-stamping machine in Vienna. Photo: ALEXANDER KLEIN / AFP

In 2012, Vienna introduced the ‘365 Ticket’ – a yearly public transport pass which costs the equivalent of one euro per day. 

Now known as the ‘Vienna Model’, the idea has spread internationally – and is being considered in other cities with extensive public transport networks such as Berlin and Munich.

What is the 365 Ticket and why was it introduced? 

The starting point for the 365 Ticket was actually a more ambitious idea – a yearly ticket which would cover all of Austria. 

Floated in 2008, the ‘Austria Ticket’ would have cost just over €1,000 and would have given all holders the right to travel on bus, tram and train services across the entire country. 

While the idea eventually stalled, it was the inspiration for the 365 Ticket. 

An election promise made by Vienna Greens candidate Maria Vassilakou in 2010 was to reduce the cost of the yearly ticket to €100, but this idea stalled – with some arguing that it was far too cheap and would result in a revenue hole for transport authorities. 

In May 2012, the Wiener Linien – Vienna’s public transport authority – reduced the cost of a yearly pass from €449 to €365 as a compromise. 

As at January 2021, the cost of the ticket remains the same. 

Why is it so influential? 

When the ticket was introduced, yearly tickets rose dramatically in popularity – increasing from 363,000 holders in 2011 to more than double that in 2016. 

As at 2019, an estimated 850,000 people – almost half of the city’s population – have yearly tickets. 

Travelling via public transport has become more popular too, with the number of journeys increasing by 38 percent over that time. 

Note: These figures come from before the outbreak of the coronavirus pandemic. 

A ticket-stamping machine in Vienna. Photo: ALEXANDER KLEIN / AFP

How does it work? 

Perhaps unsurprisingly, the tickets do not pay for themselves. 

Around 60 percent of the cost of the tickets to transport authorities come from sales – with the remaining 40 percent coming from government subsidies. 

Austria’s Die Presse reports that the ticket without subsidies would cost subscribers €730 per year. 

The plan is partially subsidised by the Austrian and Viennese governments, who chip in around €700m per year. 

As reported by The Guardian, the costs are partially offset by an increase in parking fines by 60 percent since 2012, along with the introduction of a ‘subway tax’ of €2 euro per employee (paid by employers). 

Where else has it caught on?

365 Tickets have been adopted in the German cities of Bonn and Reutlingen, while similar schemes are being investigated in Berlin, Munich, Essen, Fürth, Herrenberg and Mannheim. 

Variations of the ticket exist in Stuttgart, Nuremberg and Hamburg (for apprentices and schoolchildren). 

The ticket is also set to be adopted in several Austrian regions, including Vorarlberg, Tyrol and Salzburg, reported Austria’s Kurier newspaper on December 9th, 2020. 

Is it coming to a city near you? 

From reducing traffic to cutting pollution and carbon emissions, the benefits of encouraging public transport are clear. 

While in Vienna the ticket managed to do this – with public transport use increasing by 38 percent and season ticket sales more than doubling.

The question however is whether the ticket will actually encourage more people to switch from driving to using public transport. 

A spokesperson for the German Association of Public Transport said in 2019 that the ticket would be only worthwhile if it convinced motorists to make the switch – rather than just reducing the costs for people who already use public transport. 

Another major sticking point is the cost. 

While the 365 Ticket has great marketing value in costing just a euro per day, it brings in much less revenue than existing season tickets and is likely to be a problem in larger cities with more sophisticated public transit networks. 

Even in Vienna – a city of less than two million people – the true cost of the ticket is double the price. 

But what about the Austria Ticket? 

As for the Austria Ticket, it was set for launch in 2020 and now in 2021, but is being held up due to disagreements. 

The ticket – now called a 1-2-3 Ticket – has been forecast for more than a decade but is still being held up in negations between federal and state governments and the respective public transport authorities. 

The goal of the scheme is similar to the 365 Ticket – but at a state and federal level – by bringing it all into the one plan. 

If approved, the 1-2-3 Ticket will cost one euro per day for unlimited travel in one Austrian state, two euros per day for unlimited travel in two states and three euros per day for unlimited travel in all of Austria. 

Currently, the ÖBB’s Österreichcard costs €1,964 per year – or just over €5 per day. 

While there is no concrete date yet for when the ticket will be available, Austria’s Der Standard newspaper reports authorities are hopeful it will be released in Spring, but only if an agreement can be reached over who will subsidise the ticket. 


Member comments

Log in here to leave a comment.
Become a Member to leave a comment.
For members


Five signs you’ve settled into life in Switzerland

Getting adjusted to Swiss ways is not always easy for foreign nationals, but with a lot of perseverance it can be done. This is how you know you’ve assimilated.

Five signs you've settled into life in Switzerland
No lint: Following laundry room rules is a sign of integration in Switzerland. Photo by Sara Chai from Pexels

Much has been said about Switzerland’s quirkiness, but when you think about it, this country’s idiosyncrasies are not more or less weird than any other nation’s — except for the fact that they are expressed in at least three languages which, admittedly, can complicate matters a bit.

However, once you master the intricacies and nuances of Swiss life, you will feel like you belong here.

This is when you know you’ve “made it”.

You speak one of the national languages, even if badly

It irritates the Swiss to no end when a foreigner, and particularly an English-speaking foreigner, doesn’t make an effort to learn the language of a region in which he or she lives, insisting instead that everyone communicates to them in their language.

So speaking the local language will go a long way to being accepted and making you feel settled in your new home.

You get a Swiss watch and live by it

Punctuality is a virtue here, while tardiness is a definite no-no.

If you want to ingratiate yourself to the Swiss, be on time. Being even a minute late  may cause you to miss your bus, but also fail in the cultural integration.

‘The pleasure of punctuality’: Why are the Swiss so obsessed with being on time?

Using an excuse like “my train was late” may be valid in other countries, but not in Switzerland.

The only exception to this rule is if a herd of cows or goats blocks your path, causing you to be late.

A close-up of a Rolex watch in Switzerland.

Owning a Rolex is a sure sign you’re rich enough to live in Switzerland. Photo by Adam Bignell on Unsplash

You sort and recycle your trash

The Swiss are meticulous when it comes to waste disposal and, not surprisingly, they have strict regulations on how to throw away trash in an environmentally correct manner.

Throwing away all your waste in a trash bag without separating it first — for instance, mixing PET bottles with tin cans or paper — is an offence in Switzerland which can result in heavy fines, the amount of which is determined by each individual commune.

In fact, the more assiduous residents separate every possible waste item — not just paper, cardboard, batteries and bottles (sorted by colour), but also coffee capsules, yogurt containers, scrap iron and steel, organic waste, carpets, and electronics.

In fact, with their well-organised communal dumpsters or recycling bins in neighbourhoods, the Swiss have taken the mundane act of throwing out one’s garbage to a whole new level of efficiency.

So one of the best ways to fit in is to be as trash-oriented as the Swiss.

READ MORE: Eight ways you might be annoying your neighbours (and not realising it) in Switzerland

You trim your hedges with a ruler

How your garden looks says a lot about you.

If it’s unkempt and overgrown with weeds, you are clearly a foreigner (though likely not German or Austrian).

But if your grass is cut neatly and your hedges trimmed with military-like precision (except on Sundays), and some of your bushes and shrubs are shaped like poodles,  you will definitely fit in.

You follow the laundry room rules

If you live in an apartment building, chances are there is a communal laundry room in the basement that is shared by all the residents.

As everything else in Switzerland, these facilities are regulated by a …laundry list of “dos” and “don’ts” that you’d well to commit to memory and adhere to meticulously.

These rules relate to everything from adhering to the assigned time slot to removing lint from the dryer.

Following each rule to the letter, and not trying to wash your laundry in someone else’s time slot, is a sign of successful integration.

Voilà, the five signs you are “at home” in Switzerland.

READ MORE: French-speaking Switzerland: Seven life hacks that will make you feel like a local