Spain’s Pedro Sánchez warns over opposition’s tie up with far-right

Spanish Prime Minister Pedro Sánchez warned Wednesday the right could reverse minimum wage hikes and other social advances if it wins an early general election in July.

Spain's Pedro Sánchez warns over opposition's tie up with far-right
Spain PM warns over opposition's tie up with far-right. Photo: JAVIER SORIANO / AFP

Sánchez called the snap poll on Monday May 29th after his Socialist party was defeated by the right-wing opposition Popular Party (PP) in local and regional elections a day earlier.

The PP seized six regions that had been led by Socialists although in most of them it will need the support of the far-right Vox party to govern.

The polls were widely seen as a dress rehearsal for a general election that had been expected at the end of the year, but is now slated for July 23rd.

READ ALSO: Who won where in Spain’s regional elections? 

In an address to Socialist lawmakers, Sánchez said there is “no difference” between the PP and Vox, and warned they would “dismantle the social progress” made since he took office in 2018.

Among the reforms at risk if the right wins the July 23rd election is a sharp rise in the minimum wage, extra funding for scholarships and a climate change law, he said.

“We have to clarify if Spaniards want to continue with policies that expand rights or if they want to repeal those rights,” the premier added.

“We can’t afford the luxury of giving up even a centimetre of ground.”

The PP – which has for months topped opinion polls – had framed Sunday’s elections as a referendum on Sánchez.

During the campaign, PP head Alberto Núñez Feijóo argued that the vote was an opportunity to “turn the page on ‘Sanchismo’,” a derogatory expression for Sánchez’s policies.

READ ALSO – PROFILE: Who is Alberto Núñez Feijóo and could he be Spain’s next PM?

Sánchez has struggled with public fatigue with his government as well as voter disenchantment over soaring inflation and falling purchasing power.

He has also been hurt by the repeated crises with hard-left coalition partner Podemos, as well as by his reliance on Catalan and Basque separatist parties to pass legislation.

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Spain’s Feijóo faces key vote without support to be PM

Lawmakers will on Tuesday begin debating Alberto Núñez Feijóo's bid to become Spain's next prime minister a day before an inauguration vote the right-wing opposition leader is almost certain to lose.

Spain's Feijóo faces key vote without support to be PM

Without the necessary support to obtain 176 votes in the 350-seat parliament, Feijóo is likely to use the opportunity to attack Pedro Sánchez’s efforts to stay on as premier by courting a hardline Catalan separatist party cast in the role of kingmaker.

A month after Spain’s inconclusive July election, King Felipe VI tasked Feijóo — whose Popular Party (PP) won the most votes — with forming a new government ahead of an investiture vote on September 27.

Although he has garnered the support of the far-right Vox plus a handful of other seats, Feijóo has found himself four seats short — with regional parties rejecting any alliance that would include Vox over its hardline opposition to Spain’s system of devolved regional politics.

“If I accepted” the demands of regional parties, “I could be prime minister next week. But I don’t intend to give in to blackmail,” Feijóo told El Mundo daily on Monday, acknowledging he faced almost certain defeat in Wednesday’s vote. “I will not rule at any price.”

The debate could allow Feijóo “to outline an alternative programme that would be a big contrast” from what Sánchez is proposing for the future, Astrid Barrio, a political scientist at Valencia University, told AFP.

In this context, the 62-year-old has spent the last few weeks attacking Sánchez for the likely concessions he will need to make to the hardline Catalan separatist JxCat party to stay in power.

And that will be the central theme of a mass protest he has called in Madrid this Sunday, whose theme is: “Defending the equality of all Spaniards”.

‘Unjustified and unethical’

JxCat’s main demand for its seven key votes in support of Sánchez is for an amnesty for hundreds of activists facing legal action over the 2017 failed Catalan separatist bid which sparked Spain’s worst political crisis in decades.

An amnesty “has no place within the Constitution”, Feijóo said Thursday, describing it on X, formerly Twitter, as “an unjustified and unethical attack on the rule of law and the separation of powers” because it defies rulings handed down by the courts.

The parliamentary debate begins on Tuesday with a speech by Feijóo followed by a first vote on Wednesday when he will need to secure 176 votes in favour.

If he fails, he will then face a second vote on Friday when he will need a simple majority of more votes in favour than against.

Barring any unexpected surprises, Feijóo is not expected to pass either vote which will give Sánchez a turn to try to piece together a government.

If Sánchez is unable to pass an investiture vote withing two months of Wednesday’s vote, Spain will face new elections, most likely in January.

The amnesty controversy

To pass the vote, Sánchez is banking on support from two Catalan separatist parties which both supported his candidate for parliamentary speaker in a vote last month.

For that, they had demanded that lawmakers be permitted to speak in Catalan, Basque and Galician when addressing Spain’s parliament — which came into force last Tuesday.

But approving an amnesty, which would affect Catalan separatist leaders who fled Spain to avoid prosecution over the independence bid like JxCat leader Carles Puigdemont — is an extremely sensitive political issue.

Approving an amnesty is not only a red line for the right but also for elements within Sánchez’s own Socialist party.

Among the Socialists opposed to the move are Castilla La Mancha’s regional leader and former premier Felipe Gonzalez, who on Wednesday said: “We must not let ourselves be blackmailed.”

Although Sánchez’s government in 2021 pardoned around a dozen Catalan separatists who had been jailed over the failed secession bid, he has yet to speak publicly about the amnesty issue.

“I will be faithful to the policy of normalisation in Catalonia,” he said on the sidelines of the UN General Assembly in New York, referring to his
efforts to calm separatist tensions in the wealthy northeastern region since taking office five years ago.