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FOOD & DRINK

OPINION: Michelin-starred cuisine is just not suited to Italy

Michelin-starred food has its merits but it doesn't fit with the Italian tradition of cuisine, argues Silvia Marchetti and some frustrated Italian chefs. There's nothing better than a plate of steaming lasagne, she says.

Michelin Food - Washington DC
A sous-chef works on an eggplant tart in the kitchen of the Pineapple and Pearls restaurant, Washington, DC. Photo by Olivier DOULIERY / AFP

I’ve never been a great fan of sophisticated dishes, twisted recipes and extravagant concoctions that leave you wondering what is it you’re actually eating. T-bone steak with melted dark chocolate as topping, burrata cheese with apples, spaghetti with blueberry sauce aren’t my thing.

Hence, I never eat at Michelin-starred restaurants, and it’s not because of the exorbitant bill – paying €200 for a salad simply because it was grown in the private garden of a chef which he personally sprinkles with mountain water each morning, is a bit over the top.

I just don’t think such fancy food has anything to do with the real Italian tradition.

The ‘nouvelle cuisine’, as the name suggests, was invented in France by chef Paul Bocuse. And it’s ‘nouvelle’ – new – not anchored to past traditions.

The philosophy of serving small morsels of chic food on humongous plates as if they were works of art is the exact opposite of what Italian culinary tradition is all about.

We love to indulge in platefuls of pasta or gnocchi (and often go for a second round), and there are normally three courses (first, second, side dish, dessert and/or coffee), never a 9 or 12-course menu as served at Michelin establishments (unless, perhaps, it’s a wedding).

Too many bites of too many foods messes with flavours and numbs palates, and at the end of a long meal during which you’ve tasted so many creative twists you can hardly remember one, I always leave still feeling hungry and unsatisfied. 

So back home, I often prepare myself a dishful of spaghetti because Michelin pasta servings often consist in just one fork portion artistically curled and laid on the dish. In fact, in my view Michelin starred cuisine feeds more the eye than the stomach.

The way plates are composed, with so much attention to detail, colour, and their visual impact, seems as if they’re made to show-off how great a chef is, than as succulent meals to devour. I used to look at my dish flabbergasted, trying to make out what those de-constructed ingredients were and are now meant to be, and then perplexed,

I look at the chef, and feel as if I’m talking to an eclectic painter who has created a ‘masterpiece’ with my dinner. I’m not saying Michelin starred food is not good, there are some great chefs in Italy who have heightened a revisited Italian cuisine to the Olympus of food, but I just don’t like it nor understand it.

There’s nothing greater than seeing a plate of steaming lasagne being brought to the table and knowing beforehand that my taste buds will also recognise it as such, and enjoy it, rather than finding out it’s actually a sweet pudding instead.

More than once, after a 4-hour Michelin meal with a 20-minute presentation of each dish by the chef, the elaborate food tasted has given me a few digestion problems which lasted all night long.

Michelin-starred food has started to raise eyebrows in Italy among traditional chefs, and is now the focus of a controversy on whether it embodies the authentic Italian culinary experience. 

A Milanese born and bred, Cesare Battisti is the owner of restaurant Ratanà, considered the ‘temple’ of the real risotto alla Milanese.

He has launched a crusade to defend traditional Milanese recipes from what he deems the extravagance and “contamination” of Michelin-starred cuisine. “Michelin-starred experiments are mere culinary pornography. Those chefs see their own ego reflected in their dishes. Their cooking is a narcissistic, snob act meant to confuse, intimidate and disorientate eaters”. 

Arrigo Cipriani, food expert and owner of historical trattoria Harry’s Bar in Venice, says Michelin-starred cuisine is destroying Italy’s real food tradition, the one served inside the many trattorias and historical osterias scattered across the boot where old recipes, and cooking techniques, survive.

“Tasting menus are made so that clients are forced to eat what the chef wants, and reflect the narcissistic nature of such chefs. Italian Michelin-starred cuisine is just a bad copy cat of the French one”, says Cipriani.

I believe we should leave French-style cuisine to the French, who are great at this, and stick to how our grannies cook and have taught us to prepare simple, abundant dishes. At least, you’ll never feel hungry after dinner.

Member comments

  1. I question if Silvia has actually been to a starred restaurant. Asian street food has received stars, so this vision of French cuisine and 20 courses is so lame and just an excuse to not be better. Silvia, the lack of italian starred restaurants has nothing to do with the food in Italy, its a lack of creativity and excellent execution. Be better

  2. As a retired gastronomy journalist, I would like to add to this that the great Ilario Mosconi has- in Luxembourg- successfully given an Italian interpretation to the Michelin star world.
    He has actually been the only one in my small home country to ever have had – and defended – two Michelin stars.
    Nevertheless, I now live happily for 14 years in Lombardia and clearly prefer the Taverne, Osterias and Locande with real local food!
    http://www.mosconi.lu

  3. I don’t think Michelin cuisine is destroying Italy’s real food tradition. There is a place for all levels and styles of cuisine given the sheer number of restaurants where one can dine. But the thing is, I don’t think they stand out like a Michelin place in Paris or NYC might amongst all the other places. You can get just as good, if not better, food at many local trattorias or osterias. It’s hard to top the experience that so many great places already offer, purely because as a whole, Italian food is a cultural gem in itself. You don’t generally need to fancy it up.

    I appreciate a lot of the cuisine found in Michelin restaurants, but I over the last decade of returning to Italy year after year, I find Italian Michelin venues tend to be overpriced for what it is (often it’s not much different than a normal nice meal I might get in the States, it just costs 3-4x as much). Out of the many Michelin restaurants in Italy I’ve dined at, there are maybe only 2-3 that remain long in my memory. Over and over the local places with great regional cuisine, fresh food, and general attention to detail, or a kind/generous service, are the ones I think about long afterward, and that I recommend to others.

  4. I wholeheartedly agree. Italian cuisine is an enigma. Food is not an expression of artistry, it is a bear hug from nonna. It can attain a high level of complex tastes and textures without being dainty in serving size nor eye candy. Some of their best tasting food is eaten by hand while walking! I have an obsession with arancini. In Italy you can eat very well for very reasonable cost, even in tourist areas.

  5. Michelin star-chasing Nouvelle Cuisine mostly represents the triumph of style over substance. To approach food preparation as an art or chemistry class is an aberration. And the results, whether 1, 2 or 3 stars, have always left me unfulfilled ever since this food fashion started. The best approach is to apply the chef’s talents to prime ingredients and remove the ego. Italian chefs knows how to excel at this and should try to avoid being distracted by the pretentious pouting that is so often prized in the Michelin ratings.

  6. I agree that the Michelin rating system does not work well in Sicily. Further, I don’t think it works well anywhere, even in France. Overly pretentious service, too many tiny courses, too much drama and stupidly expensive.

    I have had a lot of luck in Italy with some of the restaurants Michelin ‘recommends’. Restaurants that do not have any stars but are in their guidebook (online). In the Perugia area, near Spello, where I live, Michelin recommends Ristorante Serpillo in Torre del Colle, Ristorante Stella in Casaglia (in the outskirts of Perugia) and Perbacco in Cannara). All are exceellent, none are pretentious and none are too expensive.

    Here are a couple of recent articles about ridiculous experiences at a restaurant in Lecce.

    https://www.nytimes.com/2021/12/23/world/europe/bros-restaurant-review.html

    https://www.everywhereist.com/2021/12/bros-restaurant-lecce-we-eat-at-the-worst-michelin-starred-restaurant-ever/

  7. I couldn’t agree more. I’ve always maintained that an essential difference between French and Italian cuisine is that the French need to cover perfectly bland ingredients in “exciting” sauces. Italians, on the other hand really go for the whole (ahem) enchilada — food gets cooked all together and as a result the tastes all come together. I also appreciate that here in Italy we go for the few, simple ingredients; it may be ‘cucina povera’ in terms of what goes into it, but in the melding of those ingredients you can find a richness that no amount of fancy sauce on a plain hamburger can ever aspire to.

  8. Brava! I’ve recently returned to Italy after a few years away, and I can’t believe how the restaurant offerings have changed. All artful prettiness and puffed up pretense. STOP!! Will the chefs please go back to the basics of Italian cuisine that has made it beloved throughout the world – before the grannies have passed and the art and tradition is lost.

  9. I couldn’t disagree more. I enjoy having tasters of fifferent food. A vast plate of pasta ,whilst very pleasant does not meet my adventurous taste buds at all indeed it becomes boring.
    I like traditional Italian food but does it have to be to the exclusion of anything else. I also love genuine Thai also Japanese Indian and Chinese food. English roast beef with roasties and yorkshire pudding is fabulous so is crispy fish and chips. Every country has its own specialities. Why limit your taste buds and appreciation of world foods instead of critcising.

  10. I laughed at the phrase “culinary pornography”- so, so true. I have enjoyed a couple restaurants (not in Italy but in the US) that serve smaller portions and several courses, but they don’t go as far with it as the kind of Michelin-starred restaurants you described- nor did they cost that much. I think restaurants can take some inspiration from the concept of food as art, and exploring nontraditional flavor combinations, without taking it to such ridiculous extremes. But yes the abundance of luscious dishes at an Italian table is something to celebrate!!!

  11. I would rather eat as the author describes on a regular basis but for me, to eat at a Michelin restaurant with one, two or even three stars is one of the great pleasures of life. Alas, these days it is not possible for reasons financial but I look back to some meals and can still fantasize about them – where I was, what I ate and drank and even where I sat. They are meals for very special occasions and are different in that they require many hands and processes: impossible in an ordinary kitchen. Wonderful and uplifting.
    But I could not eat Michelin quality every day as the call of simple fare wins out overall. But now and then when the stars are in allignment …

  12. I totally, totally agree. I have been saying the same thing for quite a few years. I would much rather eat in a trattoria than in a Michelin restaurant. Brava Silvia.

  13. There’s nothing wrong, and a lot that’s good about local pasta dishes (I like lasagna, and it’s not my favorite, just personal taste). But I think you may be going to the wrong Michelin starred restaurants…are you referring to three stars?…two stars?… one star? It makes a difference.

    After the French *** chefs (Bocuse, Chapel, Bise, etc.) took the world by storm, we ate at many of them in the late 70s, and 80s. It was food like I had never tasted before. Whatever they wanted to charge was worth it … and of course we didn’t go there every week. Overkill.

    But then many of them started to change, trading on their fame, attracting many people from all around the world … and the food didn’t measure up. As we left one, Nancy said “Am I getting jaded, or is this not as good as it used to be?”

    “Yes…and yes! You’ve eaten at some of the best in the world, and this isn’t that.”

    That’s when we determined to find little one-star restaurants, often in the country, who earned their star by serving excellent, usually local cuisine. They weren’t striving to get another star, just doing their best, often as their family had done for years.

    And you’re right Silvia, maybe that style works better with French food … and I’ve found some gems in Italy, where they’ve done miraculous things with local stuff … and no frills. I’m certainly not giving up on cacio e pepe, but am always thrilled when someone does something extraordinary with fish.

    I’ll keep looking. 😉

  14. Brava Silvia,
    My wife and I recently finished an epic journey through Sicily where we were treated to some of the best food I’ve eaten ANYWHERE. From a small salumeria in Marsala with a dining room in the back to a fromageria in Taormina where the owner was so proud of his products that he couldn’t stop bringing out cheese after cheese for us to sample to the incredible experience of the street markets of Palermo, great food in Italy is the product of what is locally grown and prepared in the traditions of the region.
    Viva Italia and viva la cucina Italiana!

  15. I couldn’t agree more! We often remark on the ridiculous nature of cuisine that is presented as a tower of unknown and unrecognizable ingredients. Having travelled extensively in Asia, Europe and South America, Italian food is still our favorite. We had the most memorable meals in the most unknown of places in Italy in the early 90’s living near Napoli. Alas in more recent trips, it’s become a challenge to find places not catering to the mass of foreign tourist palates. In my opinion, the strength of Italian cuisine is the exceptional quality of ingredients and the skill in combining only a few of them in one dish to get that exquisite pleasure from first to last bite.

  16. It was never in me to be a food snob, or a snob of any kind, really. Feed my belly and soul, not my pretensions, such as they are. Good food, well served, preferably in good company rates all the stars in the cosmos.

  17. I agree with you Silvia. We use Michelin to identify restaurants for consideration. If you throw out the starred restaurants and concentrate on the ‘recommended’ and perhaps ‘one-toque’ establishments, you’re likely to find good ingredients and well-prepared food without all the fancy bells and whistles. I might add, at a much reduced price than the starred ones.

  18. Silvia Marchetti i love you. You have put into words EXACTLY what I have thought for years, and said it better than I could.
    Really made me smile, thank you. Linda Love

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FOOD & DRINK

Sagra: The best Italian food festivals to visit in October

If you're visiting Italy in autumn, don't miss the many local food and drinks fairs held around the country. Here are some to visit this October.

Sagra: The best Italian food festivals to visit in October

One of the best things about visiting Italy in the autumn is having the opportunity to attend a sagra, a type of harvest festival or fair centred around one particular food or drink item local to the town hosting it.

sagra has a fairly broad definition: it could last for several weeks or one day, and might consist of anything from a raucous celebration with music and dancing to a lone food stall with a few wooden benches. It will usually be hosted in a field or a piazza, and entry is free.

READ ALSO: Seven reasons autumn is the best time to visit Italy

What all sagre have in common is the focus on eating and drinking fresh local produce, and the assurance that you won’t leave unsated.

Now, the good news is that October is by far the month with the most sagre, with a wealth of events taking place throughout the country that are worth seeking out if you’re in the area. So, here are some of the best sagre happening across Italy this month.

Campania 

Sagra della Castagna (chestnut festival), 7th-16th October in Calvanico, Salerno.  

Festa della Mela Annurca (‘annurca‘ apple festival), 28th-29th October in Valle di Maddaloni, Caserta.

Sagra del Cinghiale (boar festival), every Friday of the month in Dugenta, Benevento.

Emilia Romagna

Sagra della Salamina da Sugo (salami festival), 5th-9th October in Poggio Renatico, Ferrara.

Sagra del Vino Romagnolo (Romagna’s wine festival), 6th-9th October in Cotignola, Ravenna.

Sagra del Tartufo (truffle festival), 7th-9th October in Bondeno, Ferrara.

Sagra dell’Anguilla (eel festival), first three weekends of the month in Comacchio, Ferrara.

Lazio

Sagra dell’Uva Cesanese del Piglio (‘Cesanese‘ grapes festival), 30th September-2nd October in Piglio, Frosinone.

Enorvinio (wine festival), 2nd October in Orvinio, Rieti.

Castelli di Cioccolato (chocolate castles festival), 7th-9th October, Marino, Rome.

Sagra delle Tacchie ai Funghi Porcini (‘tacchie‘ pasta and porcini mushroom festival), first two weekends of the month in Bellegra, Rome.

A street seller prepares roasted chestnuts in Rome.

Roasted chestnuts are a staple of Italy’s October ‘sagre’. Photo by Alberto PIZZOLI / AFP

Lombardy

Castagnata a Caglio (chestnut festival), 2nd-9th October in Caglio, Como.

Festival della Mostarda (mustard festival), 15th October-30th November in Cremona.

Fasulin de l’Oc con le Cudeghe (beans and pork rind festival), 29th-31st October in Pizzighettone, Cremona.

Sicily

Sagra delle Pesche (peach festival), 1st-2nd October in Leonforte, Enna.

Festa della Nocciola (hazelnut festival), 5th-6th October in Novara di Sicilia, Messina.

Funghi Fest (Mushroom festival), 21st-23rd October in Castelbuono, Palermo.

Piedmont

Sagra della Castagna (chestnut festival), 2nd October in Mathi, Turin.

Sagra del Ciapinabò (Jerusalem artichoke festival), 8th-9th October in Carignano, Turin.

Cioccolato nel Monferrato (chocolate festival), 16th October in Altavilla Monferrato, Alessandria.

Chocolate fair in Milan, Italy.

A number of chocolate festivals take place up and down the boot in October. Photo by Miguel MEDINA / AFP

Tuscany

Sagra del Fungo Amiatino (‘amiatino‘ mushroom festival), 7th-9th, 15th-16th October in Bagnolo, Grosseto.

Sagra delle Frugiate (roasted chestnuts festivals), 9th and 16th October in Pescia, Pistoia.

Boccaccesca (local food festival), 14th-16th October in Certaldo, Florence.

Sagra del Tordo (local food festival), 29th-30th October in Montalcino, Siena.

Puglia

Sagra del Calzone (calzone festival), 14th-16th October in Acquaviva delle Fonti, Bari.

Veneto

Festa del Baccalà (cod festival), 30th September-2nd October and 7th-9th October in Montegalda, Vicenza.

Festa delle Giuggiole (jujubes festival), 2nd and 9th October in Arquà Petrarca, Padua.

Mele a Mel (apple festival), 7th-9th October in Mel, Belluno.

Festa della Patata (potato festival), all Sundays of the month in Tonezza del Cimone, Vicenza.

This list is not exhaustive. Did we miss out your favourite October sagra? Leave a comment below to let us know.

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