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PIZZA

Eight surprising pizza facts in honour of Italy’s most beloved export

Happy World Pizza Day! In honour of the event, here are ten things you might not know about Italy's favourite cheesy treat.

Originally from Naples, pizza is loved the world over.
Originally from Naples, pizza is loved the world over.Photo by Fabrizio Pullara on Unsplash

Pasta may rank more highly on the list of cultural and gastronomic exports Italians are most proud of, but it could be argued that pizza is more widely loved.

A 2018 survey found that 52 percent of Italians rated pizza as their favourite dish, with 39 percent saying it satisfied them ‘on an emotional level’.

And it’s not hard to see why: that stretchy dough, sweet and tangy tomato sauce and melty mozzarella make it the ultimate comfort food. 

In tribute to the carbohydrate-laden delight that is pizza, and to mark to the occasion of World Pizza Day, here are some facts you may not know about the dish.

READ ALSO: Ten surprising pasta facts in honour of Italy’s favourite food

It comes from Naples

While flat breads with toppings have been around for millennia, what we think of as pizza today comes from the southern Italian city of Naples.

The first recorded use of the word pizza has been traced back to a Latin text from the coastal city of Gaeta, north of Naples, in 997, and by the 16th century, pizza – which usually consisted of bread served with cheese and lard or small fish – had become a popular Neapolitan peasant street food.

It wasn’t until the eighteenth century that tomatoes, which were brought to Italy from the Americas and were initially feared to be poisonous, started to be used in pizza.

Naples is the birthplace of Italian pizza.

Naples is the birthplace of Italian pizza. Photo by Sam van Bussel on Unsplash

The Margherita is (according to lore) named after an Italian queen 

The pizza Margherita allegedly got its name after it was cooked for Queen consort Margherita of Savoy by Neapolitan pizza maker Raffaele Esposito in honour of her 1889 visit to Naples.

The red of the tomato paste, white of the mozzarella, and green of the basil leaves is said to represent the red, white and green of the Italian flag, as the country had recently undergone unification.

In reality, a tomato-based pizza topped with mozzarella and basil had already been around for many decades – and according to one writer from the era, the mozzarella and basil were often arranged into a flower formation, which could be the real origin of the name margherita (daisy in Italian).

Nonetheless, if you go to Pizzeria Brandi in Naples, where Esposito worked, you’ll find a plaque dated 1989 which says “Here 100 years ago the Pizza Margherita was born”.

READ ALSO: The must-try foods from every region of Italy

It’s been to space

The first pizza to exit the earth’s orbit was sent to Yuri Usachov on the International Space Station in 2001.

Pizza Hut had the salami (not pepperoni, as it goes bad too quickly) pizza delivered to the astronaut via a Russian rocket.

The company reportedly paid the Russian space agency $1 million for the publicity stunt, which bought them a picture of Usachov giving a thumbs up to the camera after eating the pizza and their logo displayed on the side of a rocket.

The International Space Station, in which astronaut Yuri Usachov consumed a pizza.

The International Space Station, in which astronaut Yuri Usachov consumed a pizza. Photo by NASA on Unsplash

There are strict rules governing what counts

Italians are nothing if not protective of their culinary traditions, with entire social media accounts and British chat show segments dedicated to Italians getting exercised about any perceived disrespect to their national dishes.

READ ALSO: ‘Disgusting knockoffs’: Italians warn foreign cooks over carbonara recipes

When it comes to pizza, the Associazione Verace Pizza Napoletana (True Neapolitan Pizza Association) has taken it upon itself to draw up some boundaries as to exactly what does and doesn’t count as real Neapolitan pizza, to afford the dish ‘maximum dignity’.

As well as having the correct ingredients (preferably from the Campania region), the pizza must have a diameter of no more than 35 cm, a crust of 1-2cm, be cooked at 430-480C° for between 60 and 90 seconds, and be ‘soft and fragrant’, the association says.

Needless the say, it should never, ever have pineapple as a topping.

Neapolitan pizza-making has UNESCO world heritage status

The craft of the Neapolitan pizzaiolo (pizza-maker) hasn’t just been catalogued by a local organisation; in 2017 it was also enshrined by the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization as a protected tradition.

It’s not pizza itself, but the art of Neapolitan pizza-making that received UNESCO world heritage status. It’s a unique cultural and gastronomic tradition that involves twirling the pizza in the air and encompasses the ritual of singing, story-telling and back-and-forth banter between the pizzaiolo and local customers.

READ ALSO: The ten ‘unbreakable’ rules for making real Italian pasta alla carbonara

Neapolitan pizza-making is now a UNESCO-protected art.

Neapolitan pizza-making is now a UNESCO-protected art. Photo by Max Saeling on Unsplash

It gave its name to the ‘pizza effect’

It may surprise non-Italians to hear that for hundreds of years, pizza just wasn’t that popular in Italy outside of Naples.

That didn’t change until Neapolitans started to emigrate to the US in the early 20th century, and American soldiers that had been stationed in Naples during World War II brought their love of pizza back home with them. Pizza exploded in America, and Italy took note. Pizzerias started popping up all over the country, and the dish was embraced as a national treasure.

This phenomenon – whereby an item with little cultural value in its own country becomes extremely popular abroad, and as a result is reevalutated and granted a higher status in its country of origin – was observed by the anthropologist Agehananda Bharati, who termed it the ‘pizza effect’.

READ ALSO: Ten of the most delicious street foods in Italy

 The world’s largest pizza was made in Rome

The world’s largest pizza, according to the Guinness World Records, was made in Rome.

It had a surface area of more than a kilometre (1,261.65 m²), was presented by five Italians at the Fiera Roma event space on December 13, 2012, was named Ottavia, and was entirely gluten-free, the Guinness World Records’ website reports.

The record for the world’s longest pizza (almost 2km, or 1,930.39 m) was set in Fontana, California in 2017, while the largest commercially available pizza is sold at Moontower Pizza Bar in Texas, where should they desire, customers can order ‘The Bus’, which costs $299.95 and has a surface area of almost two metres.

READ ALSO: Five delicious Italian food idioms, explained

… But Italy isn’t the world’s biggest consumer of pizza

It may not surprise you all that much to hear that Italy isn’t the largest consumer of pizza – after all, there are only about 60 million Italians to America’s population of 330 million.

But Italy doesn’t get the prize for the most pizza consumed per capita either – and nor, for that matter, does the US.

That title goes to Norway, where the average person apparently consumes 5kg of pizza per year. Most of that consumption, of course, is in the form of frozen pizzas, which many Italians wouldn’t want to touch.

On a global level, an estimated five billion pizzas are sold every year and 350 slices consumed every second, according to the travel site BootsnAll.

Member comments

  1. Well, I make pizza every Sunday night and have for years after living in Rome a long, long time, but without a wood oven one will never duplicate Roman pizza, which to me is the best as it is THIN. My pizza recipe is a cup of water mixed with the whey that surrounds a mozzarella (!), a teaspoon of yeast, a little salt, a few spoons of olive oil and about three cups of flour put into the top of a food processor and pulsed just a few times until the dough pulls away from the sides of the bowl. It rises once and then I form my pizza a taglia on a large rectangle baking pan. Go VERY light on toppings. A little tomato sauce, a few anchovies, sweet onion if you like, sliced thin (NOT thinly). I bake at the hottest temp my oven will take, 275C, and bake for about 5-6 minutes, then, midway,I remove it from the oven and dot with mozzarella di bufala, then I put it back in the oven to finish baking. This way you will never have rubbery cheese on your precious pizza. Buona pizza!

  2. I’ve sampled a lot of pizza around Italy and the best I’ve ever had was not from Napoli, but rather from a pizzeria near the Caserta Royal Palace. Unlike the typical thick and chewy crust, theirs is light, fluffy, and almost pastry like. All the ingredients are DOP and in perfect combination. If I’m ever on the space station I’ll have one of those flown up rather than one from Pizza Hut. Try one next time your visit the palace:

    https://www.basilicopizzerianapoletana.it

    (I’m not affiliated with this pizzeria)

  3. I am now thinking about the delicious pizza we have had in Naples along with Bonci Pizzarium in Rome, the latter does a sensational prosciutto and artichoke pizza.

  4. The tomato was not exported to Italy from “South America.” Although its botanical ancestors hail from Peru, it was first domesticated and consumed in North America — namely Mexico. Indeed, the word tomato itself is Aztec in origin, “tomatl,” and thus lingusitically (as well as nutritionally) associated with central Mexico. Although the Conquistadores brought it back with them to Spain as a curiosity item on the 16th century, it was long regarded as poisonous and not widely eaten anywhere in Europe — Italy included — until more than two centrues later.

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FOOD AND DRINK

Six of the most Italian non-alcoholic aperitivo drinks

As well as its most famous cocktails, Italy has a long tradition of making refreshing aperitivo drinks without the alcohol.

Six of the most Italian non-alcoholic aperitivo drinks

Italy’s favourite aperitivo-hour cocktails are known far beyond the country’s borders, so their names will probably be familiar to you whether you drink them or not.

But if you’re in Italy and not drinking alcohol, you might find yourself stumped when it comes time to order your aperitivo at the bar.

The first time I found myself in this situation, there was no menu. The waiter instead rattled off a long list of all the soft drinks available, most of which I’d never heard of, and I just picked something I thought sounded nice.

Luckily it turns out that Italy has some great options for an aperitivo analcolico. As well as ‘virgin’ versions of well-known cocktails, there are bitters, sodas and other Italian-made soft drinks that you’re unlikely to find anywhere else.

They might not be quite as iconic as the Aperol Spritz, but they’re as thoroughly Italian – plus, effortlessly ordering one of these will make you look like a true local.

SanBittèr

San Pellegrino’s SanBittèr is one of the most famous non-alcoholic Italian drinks of all, with its highly-recognisable red packaging, often enjoyed in place of Campari cocktails because of its similar dark, ruby-red color.

This drink is carbonated with a slightly sweet, citrus flavor. The recipe is more complex than that of an orange or lemon soda, with notes of spice and herbs, making it ideal to pair with your aperitivo-hour snacks.

Crodino

Crodino looks a lot like an Aperol Spritz with its bright orange hue, and that’s not an accident: it’s said to have been created as a non-alcoholic alternative, and the zesty, slightly herbal taste is similar. It’s typically served the same way. in a round goblet glass over ice with a slice of orange: a Crodino Spritz.

The name comes from the town of Crodo in Piedmont, where it is still bottled today by the Campari group.

Chinotto

Citrusy Chinotto is an acquired taste for many, but it’s worth trying: it’s one of the classic Italian bitters and is said to have a long history, dating back to a recipe shared by Chinese sailors arriving on the Ligurian coast in the 1500s.

It may look a little like Coca Cola, but don’t let the appearance fool you.

(Photo by Eugene Gologursky /Getty Images via AFP)

Aranciata/Limonata

Aranciata is Italy’s version of an orange soda, but not as sugary, and it tastes like oranges. Its base is sparkling water with the addition of orange juice and sugar. There are various brands, but San Pellegrino’s is the most popular. It also sells a ‘bitter’ aranciata amaro, with even less sugar, more citrus tang and herbal notes, which might be more aperitivo-hour appropriate.

Limonata is, as you might guess, the Italian answer to lemonade. Again there are many versions out there but the fizzy San Pellegrino limonata is beloved for its strong, sweet-sour flavour and there’s nothing more refreshing on a hot summer’s day.

Cedrata

Cedrata is one of Italy’s oldest and best-known non-alcoholic drinks. It’s a refreshing, carbonated drink made from a large citrus fruit called a cedro, grown in southern Italy. It’s far less bitter than a Chinotto, but not as sweet as limonata.

The main producer of Cedrata today is Tassoni, and this is what you’re likely to get if you order it at a bar.

Gingerino

This is harder to find than the other aperitivi on the list and is seen as decidedly retro, but it’s worth trying if you can track it down.

It’s another orange-coloured, sparkling drink which became popular in Italy in the 1970s and is still sold today, though you’re more likely to find it in the north-east, close to Venice, where it’s produced.

You may be expecting it to taste a lot like ginger beer, and there are similarities, but it has stronger citrus notes and more bitterness.

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