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UPDATED: How do Italy’s Covid ‘green pass’ rules apply to visitors?

Italy is updating its Covid restrictions from April 1st - so what does that mean for those travelling to Italy on holiday? Here's how to navigate the updated rules as a visitor.

How can foreign visitors without a 'super green pass' access Italian public life?
How can foreign visitors without a 'super green pass' access Italian public life? Photo by Miguel MEDINA/AFP

Since early January, Italy’s ‘reinforced’ or ‘super’ green pass health certificate, showing that the holder is vaccinated against or recently recovered from Covid, has been required to access most venues and services across the country.

From April 1st, all that changes, as Italy will start relaxing its Covid rules.

READ ALSO: How do Italy’s Covid rules change in April?

The number of venues and services that require the ‘super green pass’ (or its equivalent in the form of a foreign-issued vaccination or recovery certificate) is reduced from this date.

Some of these spaces will now only require a ‘basic’ green pass – which can also be obtained via a recent negative Covid test result from a pharmacy carried out in the preceding 72 hours (for PCR tests) or 48 hours (for rapid tests); while other venues will dispense with the green pass requirement altogether.

Access to hotels, outdoor dining at restaurants, local public transport services, shops, banks and hairdressers will no longer require any kind of health certificate from April 1st. Indoor restaurant dining, long-distance public transport services, and outdoor shows and events will require only the basic green pass. 

You can find a complete list of all the places that require a reinforced or basic green pass from April 1st here.

From May 1st, this is all set to change again, as the green pass (both reinforced and basic) is set to be scrapped almost everywhere in Italy apart from in health facilities and care homes – but for the month of April, the above-mentioned updated green pass rules will remain in force.

So what do these rules mean for travellers visiting from abroad who don’t have the Italian health pass?

Using a foreign vaccination or recovery certificate in Italy

While the health restrictions apply equally to visitors and residents in Italy, the good news is that if you’ve been fully vaccinated elsewhere you probably will not need to get hold of an Italian green pass for your trip.

If you were vaccinated in another European Union member state or the UK, and have a pass or certificate with a QR code issued by that country, you don’t need to do anything: this will be recognised on par with Italy’s own ‘super green pass’ vaccination certificate.

For those vaccinated outside of the EU, you’ll need to check that your certification complies with Italian rules.

Since September 23rd, Italy’s government has recognised proof of vaccination with all European Medicines Agency (EMA)-approved Covid vaccines and three additional vaccines as equivalent to Italy’s reinforced green pass.

The vaccines currently recognised by the EMA are:

  • Cominarty (Pfizer)
  • Janssen (Johnson & Johnson)
  • Spikevax (Moderna)
  • Vaxzevria (AstraZeneca) 
  • Nuvaxovid (Novavax)

The additional vaccines recognised in Italy are:

  • Covishield (Serum Institute of India), manufactured under license from AstraZeneca;
  • R-CoVI (R-Pharm), manufactured under licence from AstraZeneca;
  • Covid-19 vaccine-recombinant (Fiocruz), manufactured under licence from AstraZeneca.

This is true regardless of where the vaccine was administered – so anyone visiting Italy from abroad should be able to access any venue or service that still requires a ‘super green pass’, provided they have proof that they are fully vaccinated with one of the vaccines listed above.

To be recognised, the certificate should contain the holder’s ‘personal details’ (full name and date of birth), information about which vaccine was administered on which date(s), and the identity of the certificate’s issuer.

The certificate must also be in Italian, English, French, Spanish or German. If in another language, it must be accompanied by a sworn translation.

Under the current rules, certificates showing the holder is fully vaccinated against Covid-19 and has received a booster shot have indefinite validity.

Certificates showing that the holder has undergone only a primary vaccination cycle, or has recovered from Covid but is not vaccinated, on the other hand, are valid for just six months from the date of the last dose or first Covid infection.

However, visitors with expired vaccination or recovery certificates can convert these into the equivalent of a ‘super green pass’ if they also take a Covid test from a pharmacy or other certified provider in Italy. 

These passes will be valid for 72 hours from when the test was carried out in the case of a PCR test, or for 48 hours from when the test was carried out in the case of a rapid test (see ‘Green pass based on a negative test result’, below, for more information).

READ ALSO: Can foreigners in Italy use the national Covid vaccination booking website?

A vaccine pass is now required to access most venues and services in Italy.
A vaccine pass is now required to access most venues and services in Italy. Photo: JEAN-FRANCOIS MONIER/AFP
In practice, some visitors to Italy have reported having had their vaccine certificate rejected by restaurants, hotels and travel providers, despite it meeting all of the Italian government’s criteria.

When this happens, it can be helpful to have the official government guidance ready to show the service provider, in English and in Italian (the relevant information is contained in the last paragraph in the grey box).

Italy’s Covid restrictions have changed at a rapid pace in recent months as the government grapples to curb the country’s rising infection rates, and some places have struggled to keep up with the changes.

For those travellers who find their vaccination certificate repeatedly getting rejected, there’s another avenue to explore: converting your certificate into an Italian green pass.

The government has said this option is open to Italian citizens residing abroad or people who are registered with Italy’s national health service. 

However, it may also be possible for foreign nationals who are not registered in Italy to have their vaccine certificates converted. 

Reader question: Can I convert my foreign vaccination certificate into an Italian Covid green pass?

It all depends on the local health authority (Azienda Sanitaria Locale or ASL) of the area you’re visiting or living in, as each ASL is responsible for setting up its own system for handling the process.

One Veneto health office, for example, invites people who were vaccinated abroad to email a copy of their passport and their foreign-issued vaccine certificate to receive a green pass.

It’s worth noting that all health authorities say that the process must be completed while you’re in Italy (and in the comune covered by the relevant health office) – so you couldn’t apply for the pass from another country in advance of a trip to Italy.

The process is likely to take some time and effort, so it’s not a solution for those making short trips – but it could make your life easier if you’re planning on staying in the country for a longer period.

Green pass based on a negative test result

To obtain Italy’s ‘basic green pass’, by contrast, the process is very simple: you can get either a rapid antigen or PCR test from most pharmacies in Italy. 

Once you receive your negative result (the test can not be a home test but must be administered by the pharmacy itself), the pharmacy will issue you with a basic green pass that contains a QR code.

READ ALSO: How tourists and visitors can get a coronavirus test in Italy

The pass will be valid for 48 hours from the time the test was carried out in the case of a rapid test, or 72 hours in the case of a PCR test.

You can find detailed guidance on getting a Covid test as a visitor to Italy here.

Find more information about Italy’s Covid-19 health restrictions on the Italian health ministry’s website (available in English).

Member comments

  1. I downloaded the Verifica C19 app, which is used to check the Green Pass in Italy. You can scan your UK NHS Covid vaccination QR code yourself to confirm that it is valid.

  2. I am having difficulty in having my CDC card accepted in the town of Vignola in Emilia Romagna. I am trying to get the digital green pass since I have dual citizenship and am waiting. I have just screenshot the above and will try and get breakfast out this morning. Fingers crossed . I have been boosted and my CDC card with Pfizer should be accepted. I had no problems when I was here in October/November.

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For members


Reader question: What are Italy’s Covid quarantine rules for travellers?

Italy's quarantine rules have changed so many times over the past couple of years, it can be hard to keep track. Here's the latest information on when and how visitors need to self-isolate.

Reader question: What are Italy's Covid quarantine rules for travellers?

Question: “One of your recent articles says you can exit quarantine by testing negative for the coronavirus. But you can also exit quarantine by obtaining a certificate of recovery from Covid-19… true?”

Unfortunately, official proof of having recovered from Covid-19 won’t get you out of the requirement to self-isolate if you test positive for Covid while visiting Italy – though it can shorten your quarantine period.

The health ministry’s current rules state that anyone who tests positive while in Italy is required to immediately self-isolate for a minimum of seven days: that’s if the person in question is fully vaccinated and boosted, or has completed their primary vaccination cycle, or was certified as being recovered from Covid less than 120 days ago.

That period is extended to 10 days for those who aren’t fully vaccinated and boosted, or those who recovered from Covid or completed their primary vaccination cycle more than 120 days ago.

In either case, the infected person must have been symptomless for at least three days in order to exit quarantine (with the exception of symptoms relating to a lost sense of taste or smell, which can persist for some time after the infection is over).

READ ALSO: Travel in Italy and Covid rules this summer: what to expect

The patient must also test negative for the virus via either a molecular (PCR) or rapid antigen test on the final day of the quarantine in order to be allowed out.

Read more about getting tested while in Italy in a separate article here.

Quarantined people who keep testing positive for the virus can be kept in self-isolation for a maximum of 21 days, at which point they will be automatically released.

Italy does not currently require visitors from any country to test negative in order to enter its borders, as long as they are fully boosted or were recently vaccinated/ have recently recovered from Covid.

READ ALSO: How tourists and visitors can get a coronavirus test in Italy

Some countries (including the US), however, do require people travelling from Italy to test negative before their departure – which means visitors at the tail end of their journey could be hit with the unpleasant surprise of finding out they need to quarantine for another week in Italy instead of heading home as planned.

It’s because of this rule that a number of The Local’s readers told us they wouldn’t be coming on holiday to Italy this summer, and intend to postpone for another year.

If you are planning on visiting Italy from a country that requires you to test negative for Covid prior to re-entry, it’s a good idea to consider what you would do and where you would go in the unlikely event you unexpectedly test positive.

Please note that The Local cannot advise on specific cases. For more information about how the rules may apply to you, see the Italian Health Ministry’s website or consult the Italian embassy in your country.

You can keep up with the latest updates via our homepage or Italian travel news section.