Denmark scraps popular tax deduction for home improvements

A tax deduction for home improvements, the “håndværkerfradrag”, is to be scrapped in 2022 after parties agreed to end it in next year’s budget.

A popular tax subsidy for home improvements, the
A popular tax subsidy for home improvements, the "håndværkerfradrag", will end in Denmark on April 1st 2022. Photo: Signe Goldmann/Ritzau Scanpix

The government, along with its left wing allies Red Green Alliance, Social Liberals and Socialist People’s Party; and minor parties Alternative and the Christian Democrats, presented the 2022 budget on Monday, including an agreement to drop the home building subsidy.

Sofie Carsten Nielsen, leader of the Social Liberals, said “we are dropping the building subsidy that has ignited the already overheated housing and construction market”.

READ ALSO: Four ways to (legally) lower your tax bill in Denmark

The tax deduction will be removed from April 1st next year. Other tax deductions that can be applied for home services, including cleaning and childcare, are retained.

Tax subsidies for people who hire services in their homes, termed boligjobordningen, were broadened last year as part of government measures to support the economy during the coronavirus crisis.

The provision allowed for a higher tax deduction for the encompassed home services.

Demand for builders has since increased so dramatically that supply can no longer meet demand. As such, the parties behind the budget deal reason that the deduction is no longer needed.

Additionally, the Danish central bank, Nationalbanken, has warned that high demand could contribute to an overheating of the housing market.

Although the deduction was adjusted five years ago to favour green home improvements, the government’s allied parties still maintained they wanted to scrap it.

Nielsen said on Monday that the deduction has put Denmark’s building trade under strain.

“This is an economically responsible budget which also contains huge green decisions,” the Social Liberal leader said.

Finance Minister Nicolai Wammen said that the deduction would remain applicable to other trades, including cleaning, in order to prevent cash-in-hand arrangements.

“The biggest challenge we have in regard to the Danish service industry is in building and extensions. That’s why we are revoking the building element of the (subsidies),” Wammen said.

“But we are very concerned with keeping down cash-in-hand work in the service sector,” he added.

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French billionaires top list for world’s richest men and women

The world’s richest man and the world’s richest woman are - for the first time ever - both French, according to the 2023 ranking by Forbes.

French billionaires top list for world's richest men and women

“For the first time in the history of the ranking, the richest man and woman in France are also the richest in the world. A double performance that testifies to the strength of the French economy despite the successive crises that our country is going through, directly or indirectly,” Forbes France said in a press release, as it announced the list.

Forbes listed a total of 43 billionaires in France, including seven women, while there are 2,640 billionaires worldwide, according to Forbes’ calculations. 

The top 25 richest people in the world are worth a combined US $2.1 trillion. That figure is down some US $200 billion from the top 25’s value in 2022, as two-thirds of those on the list lost wealth.

Bernard Arnault 

The world’s richest man is Bernard Jean Etienne Arnault, age 74, best known as the CEO of luxury goods company LVHM.

Back in 2022, Arnault was third on the Forbes list behind Twitter and Tesla boss Elon Musk and Amazon’s Jeff Bezos but he overtook both in December.

Although his rise to the top of the list was helped by Musk’s public destruction of the value of Twitter, LVMH  – which includes luxury brands Louis Vuitton, Christian Dior and Tiffany & Co – added US $53 billion to Arnault’s wealth last year.

His net fortune is currently US $211 billion, Forbes said, although it has been reported that he had proposed reorganising his holding company so his five children each had an equal share, meaning that his time at the top of the list may be limited.

Like a lot of people on this list, Arnault had a bit of help from his parents in getting started on the road to riches.

Born in the northern French city of Roubaix, he joined his father’s public works building company at the age of 22 and then persuaded his dad to move into real-estate development. After some time in the US, Arnault returned to the family firm, this time instituting a drastic reorganisation and diversifying into luxury brands like Christian Dior.

“My father was surprised when I went to see him saying: ‘We’re going to redirect the family group and try to invest in something more promising, Christian Dior’,” the businessman recalled recently on Radio Classique.

Since then he has consolidated the empire and added more high-end brands, as well as moving into media companies, something he describes as “more on the patronage side”.

He generally shuns the limelight, and sold his private jet when environmental groups started tracking their use (you won’t see him on the train though, he still uses a jet but now he leases one).

The 2016 satirical documentary “Merci Patron !” (Thank you Boss!) by filmmaker and now politician François Ruffin, tells the story of a community in northern France left devastated when the boss (Arnault) shuts down the local factory and moves production to Asia. 

Françoise Bettencourt Meyers

The world’s richest woman (and 11th on the world’s richest people list) is one who is unlikely to be well-known outside France. The 69-year-old Françoise Bettencourt Meyers is reportedly worth US $80.5 billion.

Like Arnault, she was clever enough to be born into wealth – she is the heiress of the cosmetics giant L’Oréal. She has topped the Forbes rich list for women since 2019 – her mother Liliane Bettencourt was top of the list before her. 

Born in the exclusive Paris suburb of Neuilly-sur-Seine, Bettencourt Meyers describes herself as a businesswoman, philanthropist, writer and pianist.

Her mother Liliane became the centrepiece of the scandal that led to the corruption trial of ex president Nicolas Sarkozy – the elderly lady, who was possibly senile at the time, had been donating money to campaign funds that were not properly accounted for.

L’Oréal was founded in 1909 by French pharmacist Eugene Schueller, an enthusiastic supporter of French fascist and anti-Semitic groups who after World War II stood trial for collaboration with the Nazi occupiers.

and the best of the rest . . . 

2 Elon Musk

Musk’s takeover of Twitter, and the chaos that followed, saw Musk’s wealth plunge US $37 billion in 12 months. The South African is still worth US $180 billion, according to Forbes’ figures, mainly – apparently – because of SpaceX.

3 Jeff Bezos

The former Amazon CEO saw his personal wealth dip US $57 billion in 2022 because of the falling value of his Amazon shares, but he’s still valued at US $114 billion, a fortune he’s eating into due to his philanthropy – not to mention going into space and buying a $500 million superyacht…

4 Larry Ellison

Buying a US $173 million home in Florida can’t have hit the 78-year-old tech entrepreneur and former Tesla board member too hard in the wallet, with Forbes calculating his net value at US €107 billion. He also owns the Hawaiian island of Lanai – which is where he lives.

5 Warren Buffet

The doyen of the upper echelons of Forbes’ rich list, the 92-year-old investor has a net value of US $106 billion and is a go-to financial expert for the US government, who consulted him about possible banking issues following the collapse of Silicon Valley Bank in March.

6 Bill Gates

It takes a long time to give away your fortune. The mind behind Microsoft and his former wife still have US $104 billion to work through in the next 25 years via their Gates Foundation. They are planning to up their spending with the intention of winding it down in 25 years – but Gates is also working with Microsoft-backed OpenAI, which is behind the ChatGPT AI that a lot of people are talking about.

7 Michael Bloomberg

We dip below the US $100 billion threshold at last, for Michael Bloomberg the 81-year-old co-founder of the financial, software, data, and media company that bears his name. Bloomberg is worth a meagre US $94.5 billion on Forbes’ numbers.

8 Carlos Slim Helú 

The 83-year-old head of Latin-American mobile phone company América Móvil saw his personal wealth jump US $12 billion in 2022, to US $93 billion.

9 Mukesh Ambani

Asia’s richest person comes in at nine on Forbes’ list, with a personal wealth estimated at US $83.4 billion, from his multi-interest Reliance Industries, which has fingers in oil to telecoms interests. Three of his children are in key roles as financial experts wonder about the 65 year old’s succession.

10 Steve Ballmer

Being involved with Microsoft has its advantages, clearly. Former CEO Ballmer, now best known for his ownership of NBA side the LA Clippers, is in Forbes’ top 10, with an estimate net worth of $80.7 billion. He’s suffered – for a given value of ‘suffered’ – because declining value of Microsoft shares mean his $10 billion less well off than last year.

If you’re wondering, vaguely, where other well-known billionaires are on Forbes’ list: Google’s Larry Page is 12th, Meta (Facebook to most of us) boss Mark Zuckerberg is 16th; and Gautam Adani is 24th – having been the world’s third richest person on January 24th, according to Forbes’ metrics. His estimated wealth has fallen from nearly US $126 billion to US $47.2 billion since then. Proof that wealth – even super-wealth – can be fleeting.

In France, and out of the world’s top 25, François Pinault, founder of the luxury goods group Kering is the next richest person; then the brothers Alain and Gérard Wertheimer, owners of the Chanel fashion house.

Emmanuel Besnier, the boss of Lactalis is next – and the first of the French mega-rich not in the luxury and beauty sector. 

Meanwhile, Xavier Niel and Patrick Drahi, owners of Free and SFR, are both down in the ranking as the 18th and 22nd richest French billionaires.