For members


Everything that changes in Germany in December 2021

As we enter the last month of 2021, here are the changes you should know about in Germany.

View of the clock on the tower of the Martin Luther Church in Schönhagen, Lower Saxony.
View of the clock on the tower of the Martin Luther Church in Schönhagen, Lower Saxony. Photo: picture alliance/dpa | Swen Pförtner

Christmas celebrations – but no public holidays

Christmas Day (known as the First Day of Christmas in Germany) and Boxing Day (known as the Second Day of Christmas) fall on a Saturday and Sunday this year – so that means residents in Germany will not receive public holidays. Unlike some other countries like the UK and the USA, Germany does not transfer holidays to weekdays when they fall on the weekend.

Also note that December 24th is not an official public holiday in Germany. But many companies do give their staff December 24th off as a gesture. 

It’s the same for New Year’s Eve (Silvester) on December 31st which is also not an official public holiday. Many employers do, however, offer this as a day off too.

Check with your boss to find out what they’ll offer staff this year.

New Chancellor and government incoming 

Germany is entering a new post-Angela Merkel era with the Social Democrats’ Olaf Scholz at the helm.

The SPD, Greens and FDP coalition will be voting on their flagship policies in the coalition agreement in the coming days.

If everything goes smoothly in the parties’ internal votes, Scholz will be elected Chancellor in the week starting December 6th.

READ ALSO: Germany’s next government unveils coalition pact

Big changes to contracts 

The amendment to the Telecommunications Act (TKG) is bringing several improvements to customer rights.

Under the changes, phone and internet contracts won’t be automatically extended for long periods of time after the contract term ends (usually 12 or 24 months).

From December 1st, consumers will be able to get off their contract by giving a month’s notice after the expiry of the initial contract term.

The regulation applies to both new and existing contracts, reports the Consumer Centre.

Up to this point, these kinds of contracts were usually extended for another year or two years with higher conditions, leading to people having to pay more, if they were not terminated on time.

A man holds a mobile phone.
Mobile phone contracts should become easier to navigate. Photo: picture alliance/dpa/dpa-tmn | Christin Klose

Internet speed

If the internet is not as fast as promised by the provider, the customer will have the right to pay less in future. For example, if it can be proven that only 50 Mbit/s have been provided to you instead of the promised 100 Mbit/s, you will have the right to reduce the price by 50 percent.

Alternatively, customers can terminate the contract without notice. In the event of a complete internet failure, the consumer is also entitled to compensation if the fault is not repaired within two working days.

Privacy on the net

On December 1st, a law will come into force that aims to simplify the handling of data requests on the internet and to safeguard your digital footprint. The key point is the idea that users will in future be able to decide on access to their information at a central point on their device.

It also clearly mandates that websites must always first obtain the user’s consent to use cookies.

Train timetable change

The winter timetable from rail operator Deutsche Bahn will come into effect on December 12th. The most important changes include more ICE Sprinter trains that connect major cities faster – for example three services a day between Cologne and Berlin without a stopover. There are also new connections for travelling abroad, including night trains.

But there’s some bad news: in long-distance traffic, fares will increase by an average of 1.9 percent. Tickets at the so-called Super-Sparpreis (super saver price) and Sparpreis (saver price) will still be available from €17.90 and €21.50 respectively. The Flexpreis (flexible price) and the prices for route season tickets will increase by an average of 2.9 percent. Bahncards will also become 2.9 percent more expensive.

In local transport, prices will rise by an average of 1.7 percent, monthly and other season tickets as well as single tickets will increase by 1.9 per cent, according to the Association of Regional Railways (TBNE).

READ ALSO: German rail operator Deutsche Bahn set to raise ticket prices

High per-minute charges for 0180 numbers axed

Up until now, the price differences for a service number with the prefix 0180 have often been enormous: according to the Federal Network Agency, a call from the fixed network currently costs 9 cents per minute, whereas from mobile networks it usually costs 42 cents per minute.

The Federal Network Agency ruled in the summer for this to change. On December 1st the prices will therefore be standardised. It means the costs will become significantly cheaper when calling these numbers from mobiles. 

Transitional period for compulsory measles vaccination ends

The compulsory vaccination for measles was introduced by law in Germany in March 2020.

It means that children attending Kindergarten, school or other community facilities have to be vaccinated against the disease. Teachers, carers and other staff in certain institutions including medical field also have to be vaccinated. 

For people who already worked in one of these settings before March 2020, a transitional period was initially granted until July 31st 2021 giving them time to provide proof of vaccination. This was extended by five months to December 31st 2021 due to the pandemic.

After this date, people who do not comply with the vaccination obligation are banned from caring for or working with others, and could face fines of up to €2,500 if they flout the rule. People who cannot get vaccinated for medical reasons and all those born before 1970 are exempt from the measles vaccination obligation.

A vaccination booklet with a cross at the Measles box.
A vaccination booklet with a cross at the Measles box. Photo: picture alliance/dpa | Tom Weller

Stricter rules for animal experiments

From the beginning of December, there will be stricter rules on animal experiments, according to the amendment of the Ordinance on the Protection of Experimental Animals.

It means that animal experiments no longer only have to be reported, but also approved by the authorities. The new law applies primarily to the authorisation of medicinal products, as well as to animal experiments for education, training or further education. 

What else to look out for in December: 

With Germany experiencing a fierce fourth Covid wave, and the Omicron variant of Covid causing major disruption, there’s still a lot of uncertainty over possible restrictions in December. Here are a few points to consider when it comes to Covid.

More travel restrictions?

Germany has so far put in place a travel ban on people coming from South Africa due to fears over the Omicron variant. Other countries are also putting in place travel restrictions, including the UK. Some places, like Israel, have taken an even tougher stance and banned all foreign travellers from entry.

It remains to be seen if the travel rules will get even tighter. This is bad news for people hoping to travel for the festive period. We’ll keep you posted. 

Contact restrictions?

There have also been repeated calls from health experts in Germany to impose contact restrictions due to the spiralling number of Covid infections, and the burden on hospitals.

However, it could be difficult to justify – not least because German politicians have vowed for months not to put lockdown restrictions on vaccinated people, and the Infection Protection Act was recently reformed to let the Covid ‘state of emergency powers’ expire.

It’s not impossible, though. It may be the case that unvaccinated people are ordered to reduce their social contacts. Or it could apply to everyone if the government believes there’s no other choice. 

New Year – will there be parties and fireworks?

We’ll be ringing in 2022 on Silvester – but at this stage who knows what that will look like. 

The corks are supposed to pop at the Brandenburg Gate in Berlin – Germany’s biggest New Year’s Eve party. A two-day stage programme is planned under the motto “Celebrate at the Gate”. But will the pandemic allow it? Last New Year’s Eve, ZDF had to broadcast a show without an audience.

And will street fireworks be possible again? In 2020, the purchase of fireworks was banned throughout Germany because of the pandemic, and some cities also set up prohibited zones.

Some groups, including the police union (GdP) and some doctors, want to see this ban again in light of the worsening situation and pressure on medics.

Police in Berlin in the early hours of New Year’s Day 2021 in an area where fireworks were forbidden. Photo: picture alliance/dpa | Paul Zinken

Will the Covid jab for children over five be introduced in December?

The European Medicines Agency (EMA) in November recommended that the BioNTech/Pfizer vaccination be made available for children over the age of five.

And Germany’s Standing Commission on Vaccination (STIKO) plans to issue its recommendation on the vaccination for children aged five to 11 before the end of the year. “Our goal is to have this recommendation ready by the end of December, if possible by the start of the delivery of the children’s vaccine to the states,” STIKO chairman Thomas Mertens told the Funke Media Group.

According to outgoing Health Minister Jens Spahn, 2.4 million doses of the vaccine for this age group will be made available to the federal states in a first delivery starting on December 20th.

There are around 4.5 million children in this age group. 

READ ALSO: German vaccines panel to recommend jabs to children aged five and over

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For members


Austria vs Germany: Which country is better to move to?

Thinking of a move to a German-speaking Europe but aren't sure about Germany or Austria? Here’s what you need to know.

Austria vs Germany: Which country is better to move to?

Both Austria and Germany are German-speaking countries with similar cultures and a high standard of living.

But in many ways, the similarities stop there and life in Austria can be very different to Germany (and vice versa) – depending on which part of the country you live in. 

So which of these two Central European countries are better to move to? Let’s find out.


The tax systems in both Austria and Germany are complicated, so it will of course depend on your individual circumstances as to where you’d pay less tax. 

In Austria, the general income tax rates for 2022 are:

0 percent for up to €11,000 in earnings.

20 percent for €11,000 to €18,000.

32.5 percent for €18,000 to €31,000.

42 percent for €31,000 to €60,000.

48 percent for €60,000 to €90,000.

50 percent for €90,000 to €1,000,000.

55 percent for earnings above €1,000,000.

FOR MEMBERS: Explained: How to understand your payslip in Austria

While in Germany the tax rates for 2022 are:

0 percent for earnings up to €9,984.

14 to 42 percent for €9,985 to €58,596.

42 percent for €58,597–€277,825.

45 percent for €277,826 and above.

As you can see, it’s likely you will end up paying more income tax in Austria than in Germany – especially in the higher earnings brackets.

Then there are mandatory social security payments to consider, which cover healthcare, pension and unemployment insurance.

In Austria, both the employer and the employee are required to pay social insurance contributions. The amount will depend on income up to a ceiling amount of €62,640 per year or €5,220 per month.

In Germany, there is a similar system (both employer and employee pay) and the average total social insurance contribution for employees is around 20 to 22 percent of your annual salary.

In the case of self-employment, individuals in both Austria and Germany make payments directly to the social insurance provider.

How much you ultimately pay in taxes and social insurance will depend on how much you earn. In Austria you can expect to pay out around 30 percent of your gross earnings, while in Germany the amount is usually slightly higher, i.e. 36-38 percent. 

READ MORE: Everything you need to know about your German tax return

You could end up paying more in income tax in Austria. Photo: Firmbee / Pixabay


For people from non-EU countries that want to move to either Austria or Germany, a visa is required.

In Austria, there are three types of work permit to apply for: restricted (for one year), standard (two years) and unrestricted (for five years). What you can get will depend on your situation.

There are also student and graduate visas, as well as a start-up founder route, which requires a €50,000 investment in a company. 

Another investment-style visa in Austria is known as the Self-Employed Key Worker permit and involves investing €100,000 into the Austrian economy, as well as the creation of new jobs or technologies.

FOR MEMBERS: How to apply for a residency permit in Austria

In Germany, there are several visa routes including a job seeker permit for recent graduates of a recognised university, study permit, work visa, au pair visa, internship visa or a self-employment/freelance permit.

Like in Austria, there is also an investment route in Germany for people that want to set up a business in the country. There is no official minimum amount of investment but there is a recommendation that it should be at least €360,000.

In Germany, there is also the ability to apply for dual citizenship. The law currently allows EU citizens to take German citizenship without relinquishing their country of origin, but the government has pledged to overhaul the rules to allow all eligible foreigners to apply for dual citizenship in Germany.

In Austria, dual citizenship is only allowed in very few cases, so Germany comes out on top in this round.

Digital nomad friendly?

Unlike Italy, which recently announced the launch of a new digital nomad visa, there is no specific visa for digital nomads in either Austria or Germany.

However, Germany does have a freelance visa called Aufenthaltserlaubnis für selbständige Tätigkeit. It allows freelancers and self-employed people to live in Germany for up to three years, and costs €100 to apply. 

There are several different categories of self-employment, such as journalists or artists, but keep in mind that these do differ from state to state. 

Applicants also need proof of self-sustainability (income) and an address in Germany.

Austria, on the other hand, has the Self-Employed Key Worker visa (detailed above) but it requires a financial investment and is not really suitable for digital nomads, so Deutschland wins this one.

Cost of living

Both Austria and Germany are known for having a high cost of living.

However, Germany is significantly cheaper for some everyday items like bread and domestic beer. Germany is also cheaper than Austria when it comes to eating at restaurants, but is much more expensive for items like rent and petrol.

Here is a breakdown of some of the average living costs in both countries, according to Numbeo.


Rent (one-bedroom apartment, city centre): €723

Loaf of bread: €1.94

Domestic beer: €1.07

Utilities (monthly): €217

Petrol (1 litre): €1.71

Meal for two at mid-range restaurant: €55

READ MORE: Austria unveils €2 billion relief package to fight rising cost of living


Rent (one-bedroom apartment, city centre): €886

Loaf of bread: €1.63

Domestic beer: €0.57

Utilities (monthly): €234

Petrol (1 litre): €2.20

Meal for two at mid-range restaurant: €50

Please be aware that these average costs can increase in larger cities or popular tourist destinations, or decrease in more rural areas and smaller towns.

A customer wearing a face mask makes purchases at a German supermarket

The cost of living is cheaper in Germany for some items. Ina FASSBENDER / AFP

Lifestyle and culture

Life in Austria is very much influenced by the concept of Gemutlichkeit. In English, it means “comfort” or “cosy”, but in the context of Austrian culture it means “enjoying life”.

The benefits of this aspect of Austrian culture is that there is a healthy work/life balance in the country and people make an effort to spend time with friends and family. The downside is that there is sometimes a lack of urgency, especially with bureaucracy or official matters.

Austria is also a Catholic country, which is evident in some laws and customs, such as Sunday trading laws (most businesses are closed on Sundays) and a Church Tax.

READ ALSO: What is Austria’s church tax and how do I avoid paying it?

But then there are other elements, like Vienna’s famous coffee house scene and the outdoors lifestyle that can be enjoyed in the mountains. The result is a culture that is rooted in tradition while also looking on the bright side of life.

Germany, by comparison, is a much bigger country with a more diverse culture, especially between regions like traditional Bavaria (which has a similar culture to Austria) and Berlin, which is home to a modern international population and a party-loving crowd. 

The differences in Germany can be pronounced. While it may be hard to communicate with someone in English in smaller towns of the former east of the country, ordering in German in some parts of Berlin will be met with a blank stare and a request to speak English. 

However, there are a few aspects of German culture that apply across the country. For example, people are generally punctual and hardworking, and they like to take care of each other and have fun.

There are a couple of false stereotypes about German culture too – most notably that the people are cold. The reality is that most Germans are friendly and welcoming, even if there is a tendency to be honest which can at first be difficult to get used to. 

When it comes to whether Austrian or German culture is better, it depends on what you’re looking for. If you want big cities and more professional opportunities, go to Germany. If you want a smaller country with interesting traditions, then Austria is the place to be.

Nature and landscapes

Germany might have the Bavarian Alps with the Zugspitze rising to 2,962 feet above sea level, but that’s nothing compared to Austria’s Grossglockner mountain which is 3,798 metres above sea level.

But Germany does have a coastline along its northern borders – something that land-locked Austria can’t compete with.

Germany’s coast is split between the Baltic Sea and the North Sea and stretches for over 3,700 km – including islands and bays. Just don’t expect Mediterranean vibes in northern Germany.

While temperatures can be warm in the spring and summer months, both the Baltic Sea and North Sea are cold waters. This doesn’t stop German holidaymakers though who flock to the white sand beaches and pretty islands along the country’s northern coastline every summer. 

So if you would like to live in a country with the possibility of one day living by the sea (without having to relocate elsewhere), then Germany is the place to go.

On the other hand, if the mountains are calling, then head to Austria where you can spend your days exploring the Alps.