For members


‘Dagens’ lunch specials – an unexpected window into Swedish society

You may already have spotted a few bylines from Becky Waterton, The Local’s new full-time reporter based in Malmö. Here’s a chance for her to introduce herself with an article on one of her favourite topics – lunch.

A woman helping herself to coffee at a lunch restaurant
A 'dagens' lunch often includes unlimited coffee, bread and butter, and a salad buffet. Photo: Karolina Friberg/

‘I’ll have a cheese and ham sandwich, al desko’

For many, lunch is quite a boring meal. In the UK, my home country, office workers resign themselves to pre-packaged sandwiches from the local supermarket enjoyed (or tolerated, at least) at their desks, washed down with a packet of crisps and a bottle of Coca cola – a practice so widespread that it even has its own term – al desko, a play on the phrase al fresco, to eat outdoors (although Italians may take issue with that translation). By the way, here is one of my favourite-ever articles about British sandwich culture, if you’re interested.

Denmark, the country where I lived for two years before moving to Sweden, is very much a packed-lunch culture – although here the bread of choice is dark seedy rye bread rather than soft white, and sandwiches are famously open. If you’re lucky, your workplace has a subsidised canteen where you can typically choose from a lunch buffet of hot and cold food. Of course, the Danish tax service even has special rules on how these buffets are taxed.

The Swedish microwave obsession

Sweden, however, is different again.

I discovered this when my Swedish husband visited me at my old workplace in Denmark and disparaged our office kitchen for only having one microwave. His had five, shared between fewer people. This is because Swedes prefer to eat hot lunches, rather than cold, and most Swedes bring leftovers from dinner the night before, which they warm up at work. This, of course, carries its own unspoken etiquette. Is it okay to eat smelly food at work? Will your colleagues ever forgive you if you make the kitchen smell like fish for the rest of the day?

However, the most interesting aspect of the Swedish lunch culture, at least for me, is dagens, the daily lunch specials offered at many restaurants in Sweden, where you can get a main meal including bread, a salad bar, water, lingonberry squash, tea and coffee – and even a biscuit if you’re lucky.

I’ve even seen freshly baked apple cake offered with the dagens at a lunch restaurant in Malmö, which is a sure-fire way to pique my interest. You often collect your food, cutlery and drinks on a tray or bricka, so you might also hear the term bricklunch used to describe this type of meal.


Don’t get me wrong – other countries also have daily specials – but I’d never seen them hold such an important role in a country’s lunch culture before moving to Sweden.

Swedish lunch menus are published on a Monday and typically include two or three daily specials – usually one meat, one fish, which change each day. Some restaurants also have a vegetarian option which varies daily, others have the same vegetarian option all week. Dagens is a popular choice for lots of Swedes – be it because they don’t work in an office (like tradesmen who travel between different jobs), because they don’t like eating leftovers or even just because it’s nice to go out and eat with your colleagues once in a while.

A top tip for eating out cheaply

The other benefit of a dagens, is that it’s an easy way to save a bit of money when eating out. Many restaurants with a pricey evening menu offer dagens at lunchtime for around 100 kronor (slightly less than 10 euros), which is a steal when you factor in all the extras. Most of the more old-school restaurants also offer a lunchhäfte, a card where you can pay up-front for 10 lunches and get one free.

Every Monday my husband looks at all the lunch menus for our local restaurants, and we decide based on their offerings which day we’ll treat ourselves to eating out for lunch. What started as a luxury has slowly become a way for my husband to show me the kind of traditional Swedish food or husmanskost his farmor (paternal grandmother) used to make, the kind not usually found in Swedish restaurants.

Although I don’t eat meat, his lunch orders have taught me a lot about Swedish cuisine beyond meatballs, mash and gravy.

I’ve learned about Swedish dishes I’d never heard of such as rimmad oxbringa (salted beef brisket, boiled), Scanian kalops (a traditional beef stew from the south of Sweden), kålpudding (a meaty casserole topped with cabbage) and wallenbergare (a breadcrumbed ground veal patty served with clarified butter), meals rarely seen on evening menus. My theory as to why dagens is so popular is that it is an opportunity for Swedes to eat traditional comfort food that takes hours to make – something no one has time to do any more on busy weeknights.

A socialist utopia?

You’ll also see a much wider range of Swedish society when eating a dagens than you might see at evening restaurants.

I often think of a dagens as embodying the socialist paradise people abroad envisage when talking about Sweden – you’re just as likely to see a suited businessman wearing AirPods sipping on a glass of lingonberry squash as a paint-splattered decorator still wearing their work clothes – at least in Malmö, where I live.

People of my husband’s mormor’s (maternal grandmother’s) generation rarely eat their evening meal in restaurants, as the cost was prohibitive for many years, but you are just as likely to spot them tucking in to a dagens as students on a break from lectures.

Eating a big lunch like this has also made me reassess my own lunch habits – previously, I saw lunch as being a quick break in my workday, often a cold meal such as a sandwich or a salad small enough so I’d still have an appetite for a large dinner in the evening.

Now, at least when I eat a dagens, I often eat more like the elderly Swedes at the care home where my husband used to work – lunch is the largest meal of the day, often substantial and hot, with enough carby boiled potatoes and dairy to keep you going for so long that you only need something light at dinner time.

But dagens isn’t just reserved for traditional Swedish meals consisting of meat with brown sauce and potatoes. Here in Malmö, our excellent vegetarian scene is host to more modern, “new Nordic”-style lunch restaurants serving a dagens based on local, seasonal produce.

These new interpretations of traditional Swedish classics such as ärtsoppa – yellow pea soup traditionally eaten on Thursdays – provide a dagens for foodies without straying too far from Swedish comfort food. Although, perhaps unsurprisingly, you’ll be disappointed if you go to any of these places expecting a free glass of lingonberry squash with your meal.

What do you think?

I hope you enjoyed getting to know me through the medium of food. What’s your home country’s food culture like, and how have you adapted to the one in Sweden? Feel free to comment below or get in touch with me at [email protected] if you have any questions or comments – and who knows, maybe I’ll share my tips on Malmö’s best dagens if you ask nicely.

Member comments

  1. The food culture from my home country(Sri Lanka) is slightly similar to what is in Sweden. Specially the aspect of hot /warm meals. Almost all the meals tend to be warm/hot and we rarely have cold food. Although in restaurants, there is no dagens or daily special most of the time. They have their usual menu and the food is much more cheaper compared to Sweden. Some, more expensive restaurants might have a daily special. Although, not cheaper than the others on the menu.

  2. This is a great article, but now you’ve piqued my interest – what *is* the unspoken etiquette for work microwaves? An important topic as work-from-home winds down and some of us will be heading into a Swedish office for the first time!

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For members


OPINION: Racism doesn’t get much more obvious than Sweden’s refugee bias

When you look at Sweden's reception of Ukrainian refugees, it's clear that what was good enough for poor Muslims from Syria, is not considered good enough for white Christians from Ukraine, notes Stockholm University Professor Christian Christensen.

OPINION: Racism doesn't get much more obvious than Sweden's refugee bias

As thousands of Ukrainian refugees began to arrive in Sweden following the invasion by Russia, the headline of a recent opinion piece by the leader of Sweden’s far-right, anti-immigrant Sweden Democrat party spoke volumes: ‘There is a Difference Between Refugees and “Refugees”’

For Åkesson and his nationalist supporters, Ukrainian refugees are “real” refugees. They are from ”a Christian country with a culture that is more closely related” to that of Sweden, while refugees who escaped Syria and Afghanistan were framed as being made up of millions of backward, poorly-educated “professional migrants” (his term) devoid of European values and sensibilities.

With this backdrop, recent comments posted on Twitter by a municipal council member in Sweden’s second-largest city, Gothenburg, provided a disturbing insight into how politicians, not only the far-right but on all sides of the political spectrum, use different sets of standards when considering Ukrainian and Syrian refugees. And how the vision of refugees held by the Swedish far-right has bled into the Swedish political mainstream.

On May 5, Daniel Bernmar, the group leader for the opposition Left Party in the Gothenburg municipal council, sent a series of tweets in which he detailed how fellow council members expressed dismay over the poor services and paltry benefits available to refugees arriving from Ukraine. While on the surface an egalitarian position, the irony, Bernmar pointed out, was that the levels of financial support and services about which they were complaining were set by the very same group of politicians…when the arriving refugees were predominantly Syrian.

In other words, what the local politicians considered to be acceptable support for Syrians was now considered unacceptable support for Ukrainians.

Bernmar detailed a number of the specific concerns expressed by his colleagues.

Members of anti-immigration Sweden Democrats complained that the small amount of spending money given to Ukrainian refugees meant that they could not even afford to take local buses. Why, they asked, had the policy of allowing refugees to ride for free been scrapped? Others asked how without access to public transport Ukrainian refugees could be expected to take their children to school or look for work? And, in perhaps the most Swedish of issues, municipal councilors expressed concern that Ukrainian parents could not send children under the age of three to state-subsidized daycare.

Bernmar noted that he had “never before heard these parties or people address the unacceptable social or economic situation for refugees.” He then addressed the elephant in the room. The dismay expressed by colleagues over conditions facing refugees – conditions the same politicians approved when refugees were Syrian – was unsurprising, he wrote, given that they, “did not previously apply to white, Christian Europeans.”

These revelations should come as no surprise. While seemingly at odds with Sweden’s reputation for openness and egalitarianism, the fact is that political parties at both ends of the Swedish political spectrum have adopted increasingly aggressive anti-immigrant rhetoric and policies. Yet, when structural discrimination is presented in such a transparent fashion, it is still jarring.

At the most fundamental level, the case demonstrates how perceptions of the value of human life and human dignity are shaped by ethnicity, religion, and nationality. What was good enough for poor Muslims from Syria just isn’t good enough for white, European Christians. Racism and ethnocentrism don’t come much clearer than that.

But this revelation cuts even deeper and wider. And it applies to nations beyond Sweden’s borders, where immigrants and refugees struggle to construct new futures. What is evident from the comments made by the local politicians in Gothenburg is that they are fully aware of the impact of their policies on the everyday lives of refugees, how the ability to participate in the workforce, for example, is dependent upon basics such as transportation and childcare. That “integration” isn’t just a question of some mythological will, but of available material resources.

To remember that with Ukrainians, but forget it with Syrians, is cynicism of the highest order. It is to amplify the smear that there is a difference between refugees and “refugees.”

Listen to a discussion on Sweden and immigration on Sweden in Focus, The Local’s podcast. 

Click HERE to listen to Sweden in Focus on Apple Podcasts, Spotify or Google Podcasts.