The Covid-19 pandemic has taken a mental toll on people around the world. France is no exception.
According to a study conducted by French health authorities in September: 15 percent of French people are depressed (up 5 percent from pre-pandemic levels); 23 percent are anxious (up 10 percent); and 10 percent have had suicidal thoughts over the course of the year (up 5 percent).
Accessing partially reimbursed or fully reimbursed mental healthcare in France can be difficult. Soaring demand coupled with a lack of staffing (close to a third of positions in public mental health hospitals are unfilled) means that waiting lists can be long. But there are ways to get help.
Accessing mental health services
The easiest way to book an appointment with a psychiatrist is through the Doctolib website. It is possible to filter your search for English-speaking clinicians.
If you have a carte vitale it is possible to have partial or full reimbursement for psychiatric treatment in France. If booking an appointment online, be sure to check whether the doctor is conventionné secteur 1 to get the highest level of reimbursement possible.
You can read an approximate guide to current reimbursement levels HERE.
Psychologists (who are unable to prescribe drugs) are not considered doctors in France and therefore consultations with this kind of practitioner are rarely reimbursed. However, you may be able to access both psychological and psychiatric treatment if you can get an appointment in a Medical Psychology Center (centre medico psychologique – CMP). These services are free but often require a referral letter from a GP.
Counselling is another option. Generally less qualified than psychologists or psychiatrists, counsellors can provide a simple form of listening therapy. Anne Poulton, a retired professional counsellor with an NHS Community Mental Health team, set up the Counselling in France website after moving to France with her husband in 2000. It serves as a directory for English-speaking counsellors who may be able to help you. These services are not covered by social security.
Private mental healthcare will only be reimbursed if you have a private insurance (mutuelle) which specifically covers this kind of healthcare. It is however, easier to get an appointment quickly if you go down this route.
In September, President Macron made a number of announcements that should significantly improve access to mental health services from an unspecified date in 2022.
Psychological consultations will finally be at least partially reimbursed by the state – although you will need to have a recommendation letter from a GP to benefit from this.
À partir de 2022, les consultations de psychologues seront remboursées pour tous sur orientation par un médecin.
— Emmanuel Macron (@EmmanuelMacron) September 28, 2021
For everyone with a carte vitale, the state has promised to cover ten psychological consultations at the price of €40 each. These ten consultations can be renewed once. After that, patients will continue to receive reimbursement, to the tune of €30 per session.
The French government intends to spend €50 million to cover these costs in 2022 and a further €100 million in 2023.
CMPs are to employ a further 800 staff, which will help to absorb some of the demand for free mental healthcare.
The government has also promised to invest €80 million in neuroscience research in a bid to find better treatments to the country’s mental health crisis.
SOS Helpline offers a telephone listening service in English – 01 46 21 46 46
The UK-based Samaritans can be accessed from France – 0044 8457 909090
If you are experiencing domestic violence you can call (English-speakers may not always be available) or report online HERE.
The British Consulate is able to advise you on various treatment options available but cannot give clinical advice on individual mental problems – 01 44 51 31 00