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EXPLAINED: What are the Covid-19 rules on Italy’s beaches this summer?

Now that people can return to Italy's beaches for sport and relaxation, what kind of Covid-19 rules and restrictions are in place? Here's what you need to know.

EXPLAINED: What are the Covid-19 rules on Italy's beaches this summer?
Photo by Azat Satlykov on Unsplash

Travel in Italy has restarted and the country has opened up to some international tourists as coronavirus restrictions ease across the nation. 

The health data is improving with Italy recording its lowest weekly rates of Covid-19 infections since October 2020, even if some restrictions currently stay in place.

As more regions move into the lowest-risk ‘white zone’ classification, readers of The Local have been getting in touch to work out if and how they can travel to Italy this summer.

There’s more to consider if you do manage to spend your holiday in Italy this summer once you arrive, though.

If you plan to head to Italy’s beaches and spend some time by the sea, you’ll need to be aware of  the government guidelines that apply to both ‘lidos’ – beaches where you use a sunbed – and public or ‘free’ beaches (spiaggie libere).

The rules also apply to other outdoor facilities like campsites.

READ ALSO: Where to find even more of Italy’s best beaches in 2021

Photo: Ruth Troughton on Unsplash

On the beach

You’ll see the prevention measures when you head to the coast and this should be made clear to international tourists who don’t speak Italian.

If you plan to pay for a sunbed and umbrella, you’ll need to be escorted by a beach steward, who should explain the protocol to you.

It’s recommended that you book your place at the beach beforehand, rather than just turn up. The details you provide will also be kept on an attendance list for 14 days for the sake of track and tracing in the case of a person testing positive for Covid-19.

To access bathing services, you’ll have your body temperature checked and you will be denied access if it exceeds 37.5 degrees.


As has become customary by now, there’ll be hand gel available and staff will be wearing masks. It’s also advised that you pay electronically to avoid physical handling of cash.

Flow systems with one-way entrance and exits will be in place to prevent crowds too.

To ensure distancing between beachgoers, beach facilities must provide you with 10 square metres per umbrella and there must be 1 metre distance between beach equipment, such as sun loungers and deck chairs, if there is no umbrella.

Interpersonal distancing rules don’t apply to members of the same family or those staying in the same hotel room.

On free beaches where you don’t pay for these services, the distancing rules apply to your own umbrellas and beach equipment.

What about playing sports and swimming in the sea?

As for playing sports on the beach, including beach volleyball or football, “it is forbidden to engage in group games or sports activities that may lead to gatherings,” stated the government guidelines.

However, they are allowed as long as they “comply with the regulations of the competent institutions,” the government added.

READ ALSO: Is Italy really going to offer vaccines to tourists this summer?

Individual activities like swimming in the sea, surfing, windsurfing and kitesurfing are all permitted, provided you keep your distance from others, in accordance with the overall coronavirus prevention measures.

Do I have to wear a mask at the beach?

Although beach staff will be required to masks, holidaymakers won’t have to unless you’re in a enclosed space.

The only time you’ll be required to wear a mask in the open air is when it’s not possible to maintain a distance of one metre from others.

There is no requirement to wear a mask during physical activity, so no need to worry about taking a waterproof mask in the sea with you.

Covid-19 camping rules

Attached to many beaches in Italy are campsites and the rules extend to these facilities too.

For those pitching tents or staying in caravans while in Italy, there needs to be 3 metres between the entrance of each accommodation and there must be 1.5 metres between outdoor equipment such as tables, chairs, deckchairs and sun loungers for example.

You’ll be responsible for disinfecting your indoor and outdoor furniture, unless otherwise stated by the campsite.

The campsite owners will be required to sanitise shared toilet facilities two to three times a day, depending on occupancy.

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‘Fighting for survival’: Has Venice become a city no one can live in?

As the population of Venice sinks below 50,000, activists say 'normal life' is impossible in the floating city. What does the future hold for its dwindling number of residents?

'Fighting for survival': Has Venice become a city no one can live in?

Venice made national and international headlines last week with the news that its resident population had fallen below 50,000 for the first time, a stark symbol of the city’s metamorphosis from thriving metropolis to tourist playground.

There was some initial confusion as to the source of the figure: a widely-shared story from news agency Ansa said that Venice City Hall (the Comune di Venezia)’s statistics office had recorded its population size as 49,997 on August 10th – but when contacted by The Local, the comune denied having provided any such information, and said its most up-to-date population stats only cover up to July 31st.

Instead, the number appears to have come from Venessia, a Venice-based activist group which maintains a (de)population counter based on provisional updates from the civil registry office that have yet to be vetted.

The counter put the city’s population below the 50,000 threshold on August 10th; as of Thursday, the number had dropped to 49,989.

Matteo Secchi points to a population tracker that counts 49,997 Venetian residents.
Matteo Secchi points to a population tracker that counts 49,997 Venetian residents. Credit:

The exact moment when Venice lost its 50,000th resident may be lost to history, but what’s undeniable is that the city’s permanent population is disappearing at an alarming rate, from over 174,000 in 1951 to less than a third of that today. Meanwhile, its tourist numbers continue to break records.

“I feel like a stranger in my own home,” says Matteo Secchi, a native Venetian who leads the group and runs its website.

“I live near the Rialto Bridge, and there are no more Venetians there, only foreigners. Not that there’s anything wrong with foreigners…. we are open to all cultures, but we would like ours to survive too.”

READ ALSO: Mass tourism is back in Italy – but the way we travel is changing

Secchi currently works on a hotel reception desk after his own B&B went under during the pandemic – an irony which, given Venessia’s emphasis on the damage inflicted by the tourist industry on the city, is not lost on him.

“Everyone works in the tourism sector here,” he says matter-of-factly.

It’s not that tourism is an inherent evil, says Secchi, acknowledging that it’s made Venice rich; but its implacable hold on the city has driven up rents and property prices, causing ordinary shops and affordable accommodation to disappear.

“There are fewer of us all the time because you can’t live normally,” he says.

He compares modern-day Venice to Disneyland, saying he often feels like “a little monkey: people come and take photos and say, ‘look at this nut!'”. What young person wants to live their life as an unpaid theme park mascot?

OPINION: Why more of Italy’s top destinations must limit tourist numbers

In 2009, Secchi and the other Venessia organisers staged a mock funeral for Venice after its population dropped below 60,000. The spectacle involved rowing a pink coffin down the Grand Canal, flanked by several gondolas, and depositing it outside City Hall.

Though he’s proud of the demonstration and the attention it received (“The second-biggest news story out of Italy that year, after the Aquila earthquake!”) he has no plans hold another one this time, noting that of the five founding members of his organisation, he’s the only one still alive.

Venessia's 2009 'funeral' for Venice.
Venessia’s 2009 ‘funeral’ for Venice. Photo by ANDREA PATTARO / AFP.

Venessia has a long list of recommendations for how to rebuild the city’s population, including giving tax breaks to all non-tourism businesses, offering financial incentives for landlords to rent to residents rather than tourists, and having a ten-year moratorium on building tourist accommodation (“Do you think the comune would agree to this?” I ask of the latter. “No!” Secchi chuckles).

One of the organisation’s more realistic proposals is levying a tax on tourist rentals to finance the renovation of Venice’s dilapidated public housing, much of which stands curiously empty for a city with some of the highest rents and real estate values in the country.

READ ALSO: ‘The myth of Venice’: How the Venetian brand helps the city survive

There’s no easily accessed public record of exactly how many empty public housing units there are in Venice, but the issue was the subject of a Vice documentary in the early days of the pandemic, when some restaurant and hotel workers suddenly out of a job were forced to squat in abandoned buildings unfit for human habitation.

Secchi becomes particularly animated on this point. “It’s very interesting – these numbers now form the basis of our protest, we’re going to focus on them. It’s been years that we’ve been saying ‘ah, there are all these empty homes’, but we’ve never got official figures.” 

Activists hold up a banner displaying the number 49,999, as part of a campaign to draw attention to Venice's rapid depopulation.
Activists hold up a banner displaying the number 49,999, as part of a campaign to draw attention to Venice’s rapid depopulation. Credit:

While the activist is frustrated with the comune‘s inaction in the face of what he sees as a slow-motion catastrophe, Secchi doesn’t think the city’s current leaders are worse than its any of its previous ones.

“In the past 40 years, there hasn’t been an administration capable of handling this issue,” he says.

A quality they all tend to share, in Secchi’s view, is that they have a “coda di paglia” – literally, a ‘straw tail’; an expression that refers to a person who is highly defensive in response to any criticism.

When the latest population figures made the headlines, the comune were quick to dismiss the issue as a false alarm, saying that the numbers fail to take into account all the students and temporary workers who live in the city without being registered residents.

READ ALSO: How will the new tourist-control system work in Venice?

Secchi rejects the notion that these people in these categories count as Venetians, arguing that a community is made up of individuals who put down roots, not those who pass through for a few months or years.

But if they want to view the issue purely in terms of numbers, he says, by their own logic the comune should take into account all the people who falsely claim Venice as their primary residence in order to evade the inflated property taxes that come with second home ownership, but in reality live elsewhere most of the year.

A banner hung on a washing line bears the number 49,999. Venessia began a countdown to the number as publicity campaign to draw attention to the city's population decline, several months ago.

A banner on a washing line bears the number 49,999. Venessia began a countdown publicity campaign to highlight the city’s population decline several months ago. Credit:

Venice has recently taken one step to address its over-tourism problem, with the announcement by Mayor Luigi Brugnaro at the start of July that the city will impose a long-discussed tourist tax of €3-€10 for day-trippers from January 2023.

Whether the tax will have any real calming effect on tourism, or be used to benefit residents in a way that might help rebuild their numbers, remains to be seen.

“We’re in favour of freedom, but we also want to defend our identity,” says Secchi.

“We’re not fighting for anything strange; we’re fighting for our survival.”