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Understanding the different names for Christmas across Switzerland

Switzerland's four national languages means there are four different names for Christmas. We break down why - and how to say Merry Christmas wherever you are in the country.

Understanding the different names for Christmas across Switzerland
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Switzerland's four official languages – Swiss German, French, Italian and Romansh – each have their own name for Christmas. 

Given the Swiss proficiency in English, if you're ever stuck this festive season – a simply 'Merry Christmas' is likely to suffice. It is a happy time of year after all, so it's probably not the time for correcting someone (although don't be surprised if it happens). 

But in the interests of keeping things correct, here's the names for Christmas in different parts of Switzerland – and why. 

Swiss German: Weihnachten/Fröhliche Weihnachten

Just under two out of every three (63 percent) Swiss speak Swiss German as their first language, making it the most popular and widely spoken language in the country. 

In Swiss German, just like in German, Christmas is Weihnachten – which translates to 'holy night' or 'in the holy night'.

Weihen is a verb which means to dedicate or consecrate, while Nachten means night/nights. 

The word comes from the original middle high German word wihennahten.

Merry Christmas in German-speaking Switzerland is Fröhliche Weihnachten or simply Frohe Weihnachten. 

French: Noël/joyeux Noël

Around 23 percent of Swiss speak French as their first language. Christmas is known as Noël in Romandy, which translates to the 'birthday of the Lord' – referring of course to Jesus Christ. 

Noël is thought to come from the Latin dies natalis, which means 'day of birth', although some suggest it derives from the Old French word nael. 

Merry Christmas in French is joyeux Noël. 

Italian: Natale/buon Natale

Around 8 percent of Swiss speak Italian as a first language, where the word for Christmas is Natale. 

As with French, it translates to the 'birthday of the Lord' – although here the connection with the Latin dies natalis is especially clear. 

In Ticino and want to wish someone a merry Christmas? Then buon Natale is all you will need!

Romansh: Nadel/Bellas festas da Nadel

Only spoken by around 0.5 percent of the population – or roughly 45,000 people as a first language – Romansh is another language with Latin influence and is the fourth official language of Switzerland. 

Christmas in Romansh is Nadel, which again means birthday of the Lord – as with the other Latin-influenced Swiss languages. 

While Nadel may appear similar – in particular to the Italian 'Natale' – it is even closer to Catalonian and Galician words for Christmas, where Christmas is Nadal. In Portuguese, Christmas is Natal. 

Merry Christmas in Romansh is a little bit of a mouthful – Bellas festas da Nadel – however it'll be much appreciated if you say it to a Romansh speaker. 

Swiss Christmas Traditions

Bizarre Swiss Christmas traditions #1: Santa’s strange Swiss squad

Bizarre Swiss Christmas traditions #2: The Harley riding Santas of Basel

Bizarre Swiss Christmas traditions #3: Get drunk on cake, but don’t “make it vomit”

Bizarre Swiss Christmas Traditions #4: Lake Lucerne’s Santa Hunt

Bizarre Swiss Christmas Traditions #5: Edible gingerbread trees

Bizarre Swiss Christmas traditions: #6 Geneva's 'Coupe de Noël'


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Will anywhere in France get a white Christmas this year?

A white Christmas might be at the top of many people's festive wish list but will it actually come true for anyone in France this year?

Haut-Koenigsbourg castle in Orschwiller, eastern France.
Haut-Koenigsbourg castle in Orschwiller, eastern France. Non-mountainous parts of the country will not see snow this year. (Photo by PATRICK HERTZOG / AFP)

If you’re in France and have been dreaming of a white Christmas, you are probably out of luck. 

It has been freezing in recent days with temperatures falling to a low of -33.4C in Jura on Wednesday morning, but the cold spell isn’t going to last. 

Temperatures across the country will hover around the 10C level in most of France by the afternoon on December 25th according to Météo France, with parts of the country including Brittany and some parts of eastern France experiencing rainfall. 

By the afternoon on Christmas Day, the chances of snow look extremely limited. Source:

On Saturday, there will be some snowfall, but only if you are high in the mountains at an altitude of 1,800-2,000m. On Sunday, places above 1,500m could also see snow – but this rules out the vast majority of the country. 

Roughly half the country will see sunshine over the weekend. The French weather channel said that this Christmas could be among the top five or six warmest since 1947. 

Last year, Météo France cautioned: “While we often associate snow with Christmas in the popular imagination, the probability of having snow in the plains [ie not in the mountains] during this period is weak in reality.”

One of the last great Christmas snowfalls, outside of France’s mountainous areas, came in 2010 when 3-10 cm of snow fell in Lille, Rouen and Paris. In Strasbourg, 26cm fell. 

On Christmas Day in 1996, 12 cm of snow fell in Angers – ironically, this was also the day that the film, Y’aura t’il de la neige à Noël? (Will there never be snow at Christmas?) was released. It had been ten years since France had seen such snowfall outside of the Alps and Pyrenees. 

Météo France directly attributes declining rates of Christmas snowfall to climate change. Compared to 50 years ago, even the Alps receives the equivalent one less month of snowfall per year.