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Train graffiti: How Germany is tackling its €38 million problem

For residents and visitors to Germany, graffiti on trains and at stations is nothing surprising. But new figures obtained by The Local illustrate the scale of the problem.

Train graffiti: How Germany is tackling its €38 million problem
A cleaning crew removes graffiti from a train. Image: DPA

Police say that graffiti is most commonly a problem in larger cities, although there are incidents all over Germany. 

The most problematic cities for authorities are Berlin, Hamburg, Halle and Leipzig, along with metropolitan areas in Baden-Württemberg and North Rhine-Westphalia. 

There are disagreements as to the trend of the problem. While police indicate that the figures are gradually decreasing, reports from Deutsche Bahn show that the problem is on the rise. 

READ: 'Child-free' Hamburg cafe hit with graffiti attack

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READ: How Berlin activists are turning Nazi hate graffiti into art

As reported by DPA, the impact of graffiti isn’t purely aesthetic damage. Costs and train delays are a major issue as a result of graffiti. 

Coordinated campaigns and graffiti tourism

Graffiti on the train lines and at stations has a variety of messages, from political messaging to support for football teams. 

Those behind the graffiti are also a diverse group, from bored teenagers to organized gangs.

Police told the Berliner Morgenpost that ‘graffiti tourism’ was increasingly a problem in the city, with budding graffiti sprayers coming from other parts of Germany – and indeed other countries – to make their mark in the Hauptstadt.

Police cited the recent detention of a 16-year-old Australian tourist in relation to property damage offences as an example of the growing problem. 

While Berlin's street art culture is a big tourist magnet, the police said they consider any form of graffiti on trains or stations to be property damage — no matter its artistic merit. 

IN PICTURES: Berlin's best street art 

Other than tourists, organized local gangs are also frequently responsible. 

In Berlin, an organized team of graffiti sprayers chose the day of a recent train strike to launch a coordinated assault on the city’s public transport. 

In total, 140 wagons were sprayed – with the paint covering an estimated 2,000 square metres. 

Graffiti on a station building in Leipzig. Image: DPA

“Not an increasing problem”

A spokesperson for the Federal Police told The Local that while graffiti was still a significant issue, “graffiti on trains is at the moment not an increasing problem”. 

Figures obtained by The Local from the Federal Police show a slight overall decrease in relation to previous years. 

While 7,819 cases occurred in 2018 — the majority of which were on S-Bahn trains — there were 8,300 cases in 2017. The 2016 figures were against slightly higher at 8,360. 

The spokesperson told The Local “it would be impossible to determine the (graffiti) situation on lines run by regional operators as trains often run through several states”.

An increase on Inter City Express trains – and at stations

However figures provided by Deutsche Bahn indicated a trend in the opposite direction. In 2018 graffiti increased by eight percent, with 20,100 cases recorded. 

Unlike the figures from the Federal Police, the Deutsche Bahn figures take into account all incidents of graffiti both at train stations and on long-distance trains. 

'Team for graffiti-free train stations' – A Deutsche Bahn campaign against graffiti. Image: DPA

Deutsche Bahn estimated the damage to be in the vicinity of €38 million. While the company spent €13 million repairing the damage caused by graffiti across 2018, much of it is not removed. 

Berlin’s BVG, responsible for the city’s public transport, estimate a yearly spend of €10 million on graffiti removal in Berlin alone. 

Delays and higher costs for passengers

Officials have pointed out that the effects of the graffiti are not purely aesthetic. 

The board production DB Regio, Oliver Terhaag, told DPA: “Unfortunately, the effects of graffiti are also felt by our passengers. The affected cars are taken from the fleet, so then shorter trains are on the way, which are sometimes extra full,” he said. 

“At stops it could cause delays in getting in and out, which has a negative impact on punctuality.”

The steps taken to prevent and clean up graffiti also result in more expensive costs imposed on passengers. 

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Today in Denmark: A roundup of the latest news on Thursday

Find out what's going on in Denmark today with The Local's short roundup of the news in less than five minutes.

Today in Denmark: A roundup of the latest news on Thursday
A file photo of learner driver vehicles in Denmark. Photo: Henning Bagger/Ritzau Scanpix

Test used in residence applications 10 years ago may have broken rules 

A Danish language and knowledge test used between 2010 and 2012 in connection with residence applications in family reunification cases and for religious leaders may have been too difficult according to legal stipulations, newspaper Jyllands-Posten reports.

As such, some people may have been incorrectly refused a residency permit.

The test itself is still in use and is a requirement for religious leaders who wish to extend their residency in Denmark.

We’ll have more details on this in an article today.

Extended waiting times for driving tests

People hoping to pass their driving test and hit the road this summer face a longer wait than normal with driving schools struggling with a backlog of tests, broadcaster DR reports.

The queue for tests built up due to postponements caused by Covid-19 restrictions.

The National Police and police in both Copenhagen and North Zealand have in recent months been unable to live up to targets for maximum waiting times for tests, DR writes.

An effort is now being made to alleviate the problem by offering extra test slots, the two police districts both said.

Sunny weather forecast after overcast start

If you are anywhere in Denmark this morning you probably woke up to cloudy skies, but that is expected to change as the day progresses.

Temperatures, cool at the start of the day, could reach up to 22 degrees Celsius in most of the country and 25 degrees in North Jutland.

“(Clouds) will clear up more than at the moment, but there will still be quite a lot of clouds, especially over the southern and eastern parts of the country,” DMI meteorologist Bolette Brødsgaard told DR.

DMI also again urged people lighting barbecues or flaming weeds to exercise caution, with the drought index and thereby risk of wildfire moderate to high all over Denmark.

Danish researcher found unexpected response to lockdown in people with ADHD

A researcher attached to Aarhus University’s HOPE project, which looks into societal trends during the Covid-19 pandemic, found that some people with ADHD responded positively to disruption to their daily lives caused by the lockdown in Spring last year.

In some cases, the people who took part in the study had coping tools that others lacked. The findings of the research could prove beneficial for post-pandemic working environments.

Here’s our article about the research – it’s well worth a few minutes of your time.