Italy’s new PM nominee Giuseppe Conte begins forming cabinet

Italy's prime ministerial nominee Giuseppe Conte was locked in consultations to form a cabinet on Thursday after being endorsed to lead a populist coalition government.

Italy's new PM nominee Giuseppe Conte begins forming cabinet
Giuseppe Conte (L) arrives for his meeting with President Sergio Mattarella. Photo: Francesco Ammendola/Quirinale Press Office/AFP

Conte's appointment could herald an end to more than two months of political uncertainty in the eurozone's third-biggest economy, but the coalition's eurosceptic and anti-immigrant stance has alarmed senior European officials.

President Sergio Mattarella on Wednesday approved Conte's nomination to be prime minister of a government formed by the anti-establishment Five Star Movement and the far-right League. Little-known lawyer Conte survived a battering in the press over claims he exaggerated his CV.

On Thursday he held meetings with delegations from political parties in order to put together the country's new government.

According to the media, he could present his cabinet to the president on Friday. The list of ministerial candidates must be endorsed by Mattarella before it can seek parliamentary approval.

Italian media reported that League chief Matteo Salvini would become interior minister while Five Star leader Luigi Di Maio would be in charge of the economic development ministry. 

READ MORE: Who is Giuseppe Conte, the political novice picked to be Italy's populist PM?

The press conference was the first time many had heard Conte's voice. Photo: Vincenzo Pinto/AFP

Conte, 53, struck a conciliatory tone towards Europe when speaking to journalists at the presidential palace.

“I'm aware of the necessity to confirm Italy's place, both in Europe and internationally,” said the prime ministerial nominee, who cast himself as the “people's lawyer”.

“My intent is to give life to a government of the people that looks after their interests. I'm ready to defend the interests of Italians in Europe and internationally, maintaining dialogue with European institutions and representatives of other countries.”

EU Economic Affairs Commissioner Pierre Moscovici said Thursday it was a “fairly good sign” that Conte had called for dialogue.

“I continue to believe Italy will remain a core country of the eurozone,” he added. 

Mattarella had reportedly been concerned about plans by the two coalition parties to name staunch eurosceptic Paolo Savona as economy minister.

A joint government programme unveiled by the parties on Friday pledges anti-austerity measures such as drastic tax cuts, a monthly basic income and pension reform rollbacks. Di Maio and Salvini claim the measures will boost growth.

But EU officials have voiced concern that Italy could trigger a new eurozone crisis by refusing to stick to public spending and debt targets set by Brussels.


On Thursday the European Central Bank (ECB) – which holds around 17 percent of Italy's €2.3 trillion debt – warned the country against reckless spending. “A loosening of the fiscal stance in high-debt countries could impact the fiscal outlook and, by extension, market sentiment” towards governments when they try to sell bonds, the ECB said in its biannual financial stability report.

The government programme also includes plans to speed up expulsions of illegal immigrants and crack down on trafficking. Nearly 700,000 people have landed in Italy since the migrant crisis exploded in 2013.

Bullish League leader Salvini has responded forcefully to criticsm of the programme. On Thursday he appeared to take aim at Brussels.

“Finally, we're getting off the ground. I hope there are no more attempts, from Italy or abroad to stop the change: Work first, security first,” he tweeted. “#ITALIANSFIRST. We will never again be anyone's slaves.”

In Hungary, daily newspaper Magyar Idok – which is close to eurosceptic Prime Minster Viktor Orban – said in an editorial that it approved of the new government, adding it “could not do any harm in the battle against Brussels and in the run-up to the 2019 European elections”. 

At the March 4th election, Five Star became the country's largest singleparty in parliament with nearly 33 percent of the vote. The nationalist League won 17 percent within a right-wing coalition that topped the polls. 

Unhappy with the Five-Star League programme, the League's former allies – including Forza Italia, the party of political heavyweight Silvio Berlusconi – have placed themselves in opposition to the nascent government.

The coalition has a 32-seat majority in the lower Chamber of Deputies, but just a razor-thin six-seat majority in the Senate. That could be reduced even further if senators such as Salvini are given ministerial roles.

Forza Italia has denounced the government programme as “worrying”.

The centre-left Democratic Party (PD) said on Wednesday that it marked “the birth of a far-right government, with a far-right programme”. Centre-left former premier Matteo Renzi said his PD party would be the “civil opposition” to Conte. 


Five questions and answers about what the new government could mean for Italy
Leader of the Five Star Movement Luigi Di Maio and League leader Matteo Salvini. Photo: Tiziana Fabi/AFP

By Lucy Adler


Why Italy’s government is angry about a ski resort changing its name

The world-famous Italian ski resort of Cervinia reverted to its pre-Fascist name of Le Breuil on Thursday, sparking an outcry from members of the nationalist government.

Why Italy's government is angry about a ski resort changing its name

From Thursday, November 30th, the village in Val d’Aosta known worldwide as Cervinia will instead be called Le Breuil.

“Cervinia will not disappear in the collective memory. It is one of the most famous ski resorts in the Alps,” Jean-Antoine Maquignaz, a former mayor who began the process for the recognition of historical names in the region, told the Turin edition of Corriere della Sera.

But, he said, “the culture of the area must be taken into account. And the names must be preserved, as well as their long history.”

Le Breuil was changed to Cervinia by Benito Mussolini’s Fascist regime in 1934 under a drive to remove all foreign-sounding place names.

READ ALSO: Italy’s culture minister slams foreign words in Italian language… by using foreign words

Many comuni (municipalities) in the Alpine region of Val d’Aosta, which borders France and Switzerland, had their French names replaced with Italian ones.

The process of changing the town’s name back began in 2011, and Valle d’Aosta’s regional president, Renzo Testolin, signed a decree last September which formalised the switch.

But Prime Minister Giorgia Meloni’s far-right Brothers of Italy (FdI) party on Thursday issued an angry statement which said the name change was “evidently the result of ideology, out of time and place,” news agency Ansa reported.

The party said ministers would meet with regional authorities to “resolve the problem” in the coming days.

FdI Deputy House Whip Fabio Rampelli said the government must get the name changed back, describing the move as “anti-Italian” and claiming it went against the Constitution.

READ ALSO: ‘Anglomania’: Why Italy’s government wants to restrict use of English words

Tourism minister Daniela Santanchè urged the local council to “think again” saying that the winter tourism industry would be “heavily penalised by dropping a brand name that is known across the world”.

But the 700 or so local residents may have more immediate concerns: the name change is expected to result in a mountain of bureaucracy, as inhabitants will now need to update their identity cards, birth certificates, and land registry data, Corriere reported.