Italy’s new PM nominee Giuseppe Conte begins forming cabinet

Italy's prime ministerial nominee Giuseppe Conte was locked in consultations to form a cabinet on Thursday after being endorsed to lead a populist coalition government.

Italy's new PM nominee Giuseppe Conte begins forming cabinet
Giuseppe Conte (L) arrives for his meeting with President Sergio Mattarella. Photo: Francesco Ammendola/Quirinale Press Office/AFP

Conte's appointment could herald an end to more than two months of political uncertainty in the eurozone's third-biggest economy, but the coalition's eurosceptic and anti-immigrant stance has alarmed senior European officials.

President Sergio Mattarella on Wednesday approved Conte's nomination to be prime minister of a government formed by the anti-establishment Five Star Movement and the far-right League. Little-known lawyer Conte survived a battering in the press over claims he exaggerated his CV.

On Thursday he held meetings with delegations from political parties in order to put together the country's new government.

According to the media, he could present his cabinet to the president on Friday. The list of ministerial candidates must be endorsed by Mattarella before it can seek parliamentary approval.

Italian media reported that League chief Matteo Salvini would become interior minister while Five Star leader Luigi Di Maio would be in charge of the economic development ministry. 

READ MORE: Who is Giuseppe Conte, the political novice picked to be Italy's populist PM?

The press conference was the first time many had heard Conte's voice. Photo: Vincenzo Pinto/AFP

Conte, 53, struck a conciliatory tone towards Europe when speaking to journalists at the presidential palace.

“I'm aware of the necessity to confirm Italy's place, both in Europe and internationally,” said the prime ministerial nominee, who cast himself as the “people's lawyer”.

“My intent is to give life to a government of the people that looks after their interests. I'm ready to defend the interests of Italians in Europe and internationally, maintaining dialogue with European institutions and representatives of other countries.”

EU Economic Affairs Commissioner Pierre Moscovici said Thursday it was a “fairly good sign” that Conte had called for dialogue.

“I continue to believe Italy will remain a core country of the eurozone,” he added. 

Mattarella had reportedly been concerned about plans by the two coalition parties to name staunch eurosceptic Paolo Savona as economy minister.

A joint government programme unveiled by the parties on Friday pledges anti-austerity measures such as drastic tax cuts, a monthly basic income and pension reform rollbacks. Di Maio and Salvini claim the measures will boost growth.

But EU officials have voiced concern that Italy could trigger a new eurozone crisis by refusing to stick to public spending and debt targets set by Brussels.


On Thursday the European Central Bank (ECB) – which holds around 17 percent of Italy's €2.3 trillion debt – warned the country against reckless spending. “A loosening of the fiscal stance in high-debt countries could impact the fiscal outlook and, by extension, market sentiment” towards governments when they try to sell bonds, the ECB said in its biannual financial stability report.

The government programme also includes plans to speed up expulsions of illegal immigrants and crack down on trafficking. Nearly 700,000 people have landed in Italy since the migrant crisis exploded in 2013.

Bullish League leader Salvini has responded forcefully to criticsm of the programme. On Thursday he appeared to take aim at Brussels.

“Finally, we're getting off the ground. I hope there are no more attempts, from Italy or abroad to stop the change: Work first, security first,” he tweeted. “#ITALIANSFIRST. We will never again be anyone's slaves.”

In Hungary, daily newspaper Magyar Idok – which is close to eurosceptic Prime Minster Viktor Orban – said in an editorial that it approved of the new government, adding it “could not do any harm in the battle against Brussels and in the run-up to the 2019 European elections”. 

At the March 4th election, Five Star became the country's largest singleparty in parliament with nearly 33 percent of the vote. The nationalist League won 17 percent within a right-wing coalition that topped the polls. 

Unhappy with the Five-Star League programme, the League's former allies – including Forza Italia, the party of political heavyweight Silvio Berlusconi – have placed themselves in opposition to the nascent government.

The coalition has a 32-seat majority in the lower Chamber of Deputies, but just a razor-thin six-seat majority in the Senate. That could be reduced even further if senators such as Salvini are given ministerial roles.

Forza Italia has denounced the government programme as “worrying”.

The centre-left Democratic Party (PD) said on Wednesday that it marked “the birth of a far-right government, with a far-right programme”. Centre-left former premier Matteo Renzi said his PD party would be the “civil opposition” to Conte. 


Five questions and answers about what the new government could mean for Italy
Leader of the Five Star Movement Luigi Di Maio and League leader Matteo Salvini. Photo: Tiziana Fabi/AFP

By Lucy Adler


Second Italian minister takes anti-mafia reporter Saviano to court

Just weeks after going on trial in a case brought by Prime Minister Giorgia Meloni, Italian investigative journalist Roberto Saviano was back in court on Wednesday facing allegations of defamation lodged by Meloni's deputy, Matteo Salvini.

Second Italian minister takes anti-mafia reporter Saviano to court

Deputy Prime Minister Salvini, whose far-right League party is a key member of Meloni’s coalition, is suing the journalist for calling him the “minister of the criminal underworld” in a social media post in 2018.

In November, Saviano went on trial in a case brought by Meloni for calling her a “bastard” in 2020 over her attitude towards vulnerable migrants.

READ ALSO: Press freedom fears as Italian PM Meloni takes Saviano to trial

Meloni’s far-right Brothers of Italy party was in opposition at the time, but won September elections on a promise to curb mass migration.

Saviano, known for his international mafia bestseller “Gomorrah”, regularly clashes with Italy’s far-right and says the trials are an attempt to intimidate him.

He faces up to three years in prison if convicted in either trial.

“I think it is the only case in Western democracies where the executive asks the judiciary to lay down the boundaries within which it is possible to criticise it,” Saviano said in a declaration in court on Wednesday.

He said he was “blatantly the victim of intimidation by lawsuit”, on trial “for making my opinion, my thoughts, public”.

READ ALSO: What you need to know about press freedom in Italy

Press freedom watchdogs and supporters of Saviano have called for the suits to be scrapped. Meloni refused in November, despite criticism that her position of power makes it an unfair trial.

Armed guard

Saviano has lived under police protection since revealing the secrets of the Naples mafia in 2006.

But when Salvini was appointed interior minister in a previous government in June 2018, he suggested he might scrap Saviano’s armed guard.

The writer reacted on Facebook, saying Salvini “can be defined ‘the minister of the criminal underworld’,” an expression he said was coined by anti-fascist politician Gaetano Salvemini to describe a political system which exploited voters in Italy’s poorer South.

READ ALSO: Anti-mafia author Saviano won’t be ‘intimidated’ by Salvini

He accused Salvini of having profited from votes in Calabria to get elected senator, while failing to denounce the region’s powerful ‘Ndrangheta mafia and focusing instead on seasonal migrants.

Salvini’s team are expected to reject any claim he is soft on the mafia.

Saviano’s lawyer said he will call as a witness the current interior minister Matteo Piantedosi, who at the time was in charge of evaluating the journalist’s police protection.

The next hearing was set for June 1st.

Watchdogs have warned of the widespread use in Italy of SLAPPS, lawsuits aimed at silencing journalists or whistleblowers.

Defamation through the media can be punished in Italy with prison sentences from six months to three years, but the country’s highest court has urged lawmakers to rewrite the law, saying jail time for such cases was unconstitutional.

Saviano is also being sued by Culture Minister Gennaro Sangiuliano in a civil defamation case brought in 2020, before Sangiuliano joined the cabinet.

A ruling in that case could come in the autumn. If he loses that case Saviano may have to pay up to 50,000 euros in compensation, his lawyer told AFP.

Italy ranked 58th in the 2022 world press freedom index published by Reporters Without Borders, one of the lowest positions in western Europe.