Bochum police take heat for keeping brutal rape by serial offender secret

Police in Bochum had to defend themselves against accusations of a cover up on Wednesday after they failed to report on a violent rape which took place in a city park.

Bochum police take heat for keeping brutal rape by serial offender secret
File photo of German police officers: DPA

The crime took place on February 18th when a man attacked a 33-year-old woman in a park.

According to a secret police report seen by the Rheinische Post (RP) and the Westdeutsche Allgemeine, the man put a hood over the woman’s head before strangling her and forcing her to the ground. He then ordered her to take off all her clothes before raping her several times.

Police were able to arrest a 30-year-old suspect once they had questioned the victim. But instead of writing a press release about the crime, as is normal police practice, the Bochum police headquarters sent a confidential report to the North Rhine-Westphalia interior ministry.

Questions are now being asked as to why the police kept the crime secret. The RP writes that one possible reason is that the suspect is a convicted sexual offender, who was supposed to still be under observation.

The 30-year-old, convicted of sexual assault for crimes that took place in 2009 and 2010, was considered a potential risk to the public and had been listed for surveillance under the so-called Kurs programme.

The decision to keep the case secret provoked anger within the police force, with one officer telling the RP that “the public has the right to know that convicted sex offenders pose a real risk when they are released from prison.”

“If we hide this information then the public will get the impression that everything is fine and that people in the Kurs programme don’t reoffend,” he added.

The police in North Rhine-Westphalia have come in for criticism several times over recent years due to their perceived failure to adequately respond to serious crimes.

Failings in the observation of radical Islamist Anis Amri meant that he could leave the western state for Berlin without being adequately tracked. He went on to commit a terror attack in which twelve people lost their lives at the end of 2016.

Police in Cologne, meanwhile, did not immediately inform the public of a series of sexual assaults that took place during New Year celebrations at the end of 2015. On that occasion too, they were accused of hiding information due to the sensitivity of the crimes – descriptions of the attackers suggested many of them came from North Africa.

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EXPLAINED: What you need to know about gun laws in Germany

Germany is known for having some of the world’s strictest gun laws, but shooting incidents continue to cause concern.

EXPLAINED: What you need to know about gun laws in Germany

Is it difficult to get a gun in Germany?

To get a gun in Germany you firstly have to obtain a firearms ownership license (Waffenbesitzkarte) – and you may need a different one for each weapon you buy – or a license to carry (Waffenschein).

Applicants for a license must be at least 18-years-old and undergo what’s called a reliability check. This includes checking for criminal records, whether the person is an alcohol or drug addict, whether they have a mental illness or any other attributes that might make them owning a gun a potential concern for authorities.

They also have to pass a “specialised knowledge test” on guns and people younger than 25 applying for their first license must go through a psychiatric evaluation.

Crucially, applicants must also prove a specific and approved “need“ for the weapon, which is mainly limited to use by hunters, competitive marksmen, collectors and security workers – not for self-defence.

Once you have a license, you’re also limited in the number of and kinds of guns you may own, depending on what kind of license you have: Fully automatic weapons are banned for everyone, while semiautomatic firearms are banned for anything other than hunting or competitive shooting.

A revolver lies on an application for the issuance of a firearms license. Photo: picture alliance / Carsten Rehder/dpa | Carsten Rehder

How many legal guns are there in Germany? 

According to the latest figures from the Federal Ministry of the Interior, as of May 31st, 2022, there were 5.018,963 registered guns in Germany, and 946,546 gun owners entered in the National Weapons Register (NWR).

Where are the most guns in Germany?

Most legal guns are found in rural areas and are used in hunting or shooting sports. Guns are also more widespread in the western States than in the states that make up the former East Germany, where private gun ownership was extremely limited. 

READ ALSO: German prosecutors say poaching led to double police murder

What about undocumented guns in Germany?

One problem in Germany is so-called ‘old’ weapons. It’s impossible to estimate how many weapons from the two world wars are still in circulation and such antiques have appeared in a number of high-profile incidents in the last few years.

The pistol hidden in a Vienna airport by Bundeswehr officer Franco A was a Unique pistol from 1917 and the 2007 murder of a police officer in Heilbronn involved a Wehrmacht pistol. 

In 2009, around 200,000 weapons were returned in a gun amnesty, but it is still unclear how many illegal weapons are still out there.

Does Germany have a gun violence problem?

Gun crime is relatively rare in Germany, which has some of the strictest gun laws in Europe and, according to the latest figures from the Federal Criminal Police Office (BKA), gun-related crimes in Germany are decreasing.

In 2021, there were 9.8 percent fewer crimes committed with a firearm than the previous year, while the number of cases recorded by the police in which a firearm was used to threaten fell by 11.2 percent. Shots were fired in 4,074 of the total number of recorded cases, down 8.5 percent from 2021.

An armored weapons cabinet filled with long guns. Photo: picture alliance / dpa | Friso Gentsch

Despite this, there have been several mass shootings within the past two decades, which have had a big impact on public consciousness and on gun control policy. 

Between 2002 and 2009 there were three major incidents of young men carrying out shootings at their former high schools and, in 2020, a racially motivated gunman shot and killed 11 people and injured numerous others in an attack on two shisha bars in Hanau. The perpetrator was allowed to legally possess firearms, although he had previously sent letters with right-wing extremist content to authorities.

Recently there were also shootings at Heidelberg University in southwestern Germany and at a supermarket in Schwalmstadt in Hesse.

Are German gun laws about to change?

The German parliament reacted to the mass shooting incidents in the early 2000s by tightening the gun laws, and, in the wake of the Hanau attack, a new amendment is in the works, which aims to shift focus towards monitoring gun owners with extremist, right-wing views.

READ ALSO: Germany marks a year since deadly racist shooting in Hanau

In December 2021, Federal Interior Minister Nancy Faeser (SPD) announced her intention to further tighten gun laws, as part of a plan to tackle right-wing extremism.

The authorities in charge of the protection of the constitution have been warning for some time that neo-Nazis are deliberately joining shooting clubs to obtain guns and the Federal Ministry of the Interior reports that 1.500 suspected right-wing extremists among legal gun owners.

Campaigners say more needs to be done to stop gun crime. 

Dagmar Ellerbrock, a historian and expert on weapons history at the Technical University of Dresden said: “It is high time that we try to at least make it more difficult for these political groups to find their way through the shooting associations.”