British Mata Hari spied for Germany in Spain

A British ballet dancer performing in neutral Spain during World War One was one of numerous females spies working for the Germans, a new book claims.

British Mata Hari spied for Germany in Spain
Bedlington is reported to have delivered secret documents for German forces as she travelled and worked across Spain. Photo: Paul Hagius/Flickr

Elizabeth Bedlington, who performed under the stage name of La Titanesca, acted as a British Mata Hari for German forces during WWI, Spanish historian Fernando García Sanz has revealed in his soon-to-be published book España en la Gran Guerra (Spain in the Great War).

Bedlington is reported to have delivered secret documents for German forces as she travelled and worked across Spain, having been recruited through her Austro-Hungarian husband Gunter Hopf.

Although the popular ballerina was never arrested for spying for the Germans, the book's author uncovered Italian secret service reports which indicate she had been identified as a mule, a discovery which spurred Allied forces to block her entry into Italy.

Originally from London, Bedlington is believed to have lived in Spain for the rest of her life, The UK's Times wrote on Thursday.

The comparison drawn between the UK dancer and Mata Hari, the famous Dutch courtesan executed by French troops for spying for Germany during WWI, is equally applicable to other female undercover agents featured in the 426-page book.

"Mata Hari was no-one compared to other female spies who were so good that even to this day they haven't been identified," García Sanz told Spanish daily El País.

Pilar Millán Astray, sister of the founder of Spain's military Legion, was one of the cunning women the book's author talks about.

Later becoming a famous Spanish novelist, Millán Astray is reported to have stolen documents from the UK Ambassador to Spain and handed them over to the Germans in 1917.

Her actions epitomize the overall attitude of Spain during WWI as described by García Sanz, a willingness to allow the country to become a spying ground for both sides in return for quick profit and favours.

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Drug and harassment allegations plunge Bejart Ballet into turmoil

Switzerland's prestigious Bejart Ballet Lausanne company faces a probe as allegations of drug use, harassment and abuse of power raise the question why nothing apparently changed after an earlier investigation raised similar issues.

Drug and harassment allegations plunge Bejart Ballet into turmoil
Bejart Ballet dancers perform at Igor Stravinsky's "The Rite of Spring" in the Bolshoi Theatre in Moscow, on April 3, 2013. credit: YURI KADOBNOV / AFP

The company, founded by the late legendary French choreographer Maurice Bejart, was placed under audit on June 4 over allegations touching on its “working environment and inappropriate behaviour”.

The Maurice Bejart Foundation announced the audit just a week after revealing that the affiliated Rudra Bejart ballet school had fired its
director and stage manager and suspended all classes for a year due to “serious shortcomings” in management.

While the foundation has revealed few details of the allegations facing the two institutions, anonymous testimonies gathered by trade union
representatives and the media paint a bleak picture.

Swiss public broadcaster RTS reported that a number of unidentified former members of the Bejart Ballet Lausanne (BBL) company had written to the foundation, describing the “omnipresence of drugs, nepotism, as well as psychological and sexual harassment”.

Many of the accusations allegedly focus on Gil Roman, who took the helm of BBL when its founder died in 2007.

Roman did not respond to AFP requests to the foundation or BBL seeking comment.

‘Denigration, humiliation’

The French choreographer faced similar allegations during a secret audit a year later, but was permitted to stay on and continue as before, according to RTS and the union representing the dancers.

“We cannot understand what might have been in that audit that would have allowed them to clear him completely,” Anne Papilloud, head of the SSRS union that represents stage performers in the French-speaking part of Switzerland, told AFP.

“The accusations back then were word-for-word the same as today: harassment, denigration, humiliation, insults, temper tantrums, drugs,” she said, citing former company members who had contacted the union in recent weeks and had said they were around during the 2008 audit.

One dancer told RTS on condition of anonymity that it was common for Roman to publicly humiliate dancers who made a misstep, while another said he often asked dancers to bring him marijuana.

“Drugs were part of everyday life at Bejart Ballet,” the broadcaster reported her saying.

Papilloud meanwhile told AFP that the “vast majority of the testimonies I have heard have been about psychological harassment”.

Drug-use had been mentioned, mainly linked to how the drugs “provoked outbursts of anger”, she said.

She said she had also heard a small number of complaints about sexual harassment, although not involving Roman.


But what stood out most in the dozens of accounts she had heard in recent weeks was the sheer “terror” people described.

Their reaction to what they had been through was “extremely strong”, she said, “almost at the level of post-traumatic stress”.

Papilloud said that as a union representative she had long been aware that BBL was considered a difficult place to work, with low pay compared to the industry standard and little respect for working hours.

But the recent revelations of “an extremely toxic working environment” had come as a shock, she said.

Over 30 current and former BBL members had contacted the union following the upheaval at the Rudra Bejart ballet school, she said.

The school, which halted classes and fired its long-time director Michel Gascard and stage manager Valerie Lacaze, his wife, was reportedly fraught with psychological abuse and tyrannical over-training.

One student described how she had found herself surrounded by teachers and other students who “humiliated and belittled” her, the president of the foundation’s board, Solange Peters, told RTS.

One teacher present at the time reportedly compared the scene to a “lynching”.

The revelations about the school appeared to have “opened a Pandora’s Box”, spurring alleged victims of similar abuse at BBL to come forward, according to Papilloud.

“We have really been inundated,” she said, adding that many hope that “this time, things can change”.

Following close communication with the foundation, the union too is hopeful that the current audit will be handled differently than the last one, with more openness and independence, Papilloud said.

“I think this will not be an audit where things are swept under the carpet.”