WestLB to seek €10 billion in state aid

German state-owned regional bank WestLB is to seek government guarantees worth at least €10 billion under a rescue scheme, the daily Rheinische Post

WestLB to seek €10 billion in state aid

The paper quoted sources following a meeting of the bank’s board on Friday, saying WestLB wanted to dump high risk securities worth €10 billion or more.

Düsseldorf-based WestLB, owned by the northwestern state of North Rhine-Westphalia, said in November it would seek government assistance via the banking sector rescue package, but has not said how much help it needs.

At the same time, the business daily Financial Times Deutschland said WestLB had sold high risk securities to several savings banks that now face “high asset devaluations.”

The securities are so-called CDOs, or collateralised debt obligations, which are basically a portfolio of fixed-income assets that were sliced up and sold to investors. CDOs were the category of investments most affected when the US market for high-risk, or subprime, mortgages collapsed in mid-2007.

Several savings banks have filed complaints against WestLB, charging they were poorly advised by the bank which they say sought to pass on the risky investments to others, the newspaper said.

The government bail-out plan offers up to €80 billion ($103 billion) in cash injections and up to €400 billion in guarantees for interbank loans. So far the fund has received 15 requests for assistance and has helped three banks, according to a spokesman.

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Cashless payments in Switzerland: What is Twint and how does it work?

If you live in Switzerland, you are likely no stranger to Twint and maybe even use it regularly to make and receive payments. But if you are not familiar with this app, this is what you should know.

Twint app can be installed on a mobile phone.
“Twinting” money with a smartphone is easy and convenient. Photo by Andrea Piacquadio from Pexels

In Switzerland, the word “Twint” is used both as a noun and a verb.

As a noun, it describes the mobile application which allows you to pay for various goods and services practically everywhere in the country.

As a verb, (“to twint”), it means to send someone money, or receive it, via the same app.

So what exactly is Twint?

Simply put, it is digital cash (not to be confused with bitcoin, which is digital currency) that was first introduced in Switzerland in 2014 and has become very popular since then.

Twint logo. Image by

People like it because it is an easy and quick way to make instantaneous payments, especially in situations when credit cards or physical cash can’t be used.

A big part of its convenience is that it can be used at cash registers, vending machines and parking meters, as well as in online shops — pretty much everywhere in Switzerland, even in places that don’t accept credit cards.

The only similar mode of payment would be your maestro debit card issued by your bank.

This video explains exactly how the process works.

Another advantage of Twint is that you can use it to send money to someone else’s mobile phone — as long as they also have Twint. And you can receive money the same way.

And there are no fees or charges for this service.

How does Twint work?

Anyone can use Twint, but you need a Swiss bank account or a credit card and, of course, a smartphone.

According to Twint website, you need a smartphone with either an iOS (from version 12.2 and upwards) or Android (from version 7 and upwards) operating system and Bluetooth capability (from version 4.0 and upwards).

“It is generally not possible for Twint to be used on Apple devices with an operating system older than “iOS 12.2” or on Android devices with an operating system older than “Android 7”. On Android devices without access to the Google Play Store (e.g. on certain HUAWEI models), the use of Twint app is also not possible”.

But If you have a compatible phone, installing Twint is easy.

Swiss banks offer their own version of the app, and you can download it directly from your bank’s website.

Then, when you use Twint to make a payment, the amount is debited directly from your bank account or credit card.

By the same token, if you receive payment from another Twint user, the money is automatically deposited in your account.

And you are not limited to just one Twint app.

If you have accounts is several banks, or have more than one credit card, you can install and use all of them.

READ MORE: How to open a bank account in Switzerland

Can Twint be used to make payments and receive money from abroad?

For the moment, Twint can be used solely in Switzerland and payments can be made only in Swiss francs – although this may change in future. 

“We are, however, working closely with providers in other countries to develop an international and multi-currency solution”, according to Twint website.

You can find more information about Twint here.

READ MORE: Which bank is best for Americans in Switzerland?